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¿Que propicia las reformas? La oportunidad y el secuenciamiento de las reformas estructurales en América Latina

  • Eduardo Lora


(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) La oleada de reformas estructurales en América Latina y otras regiones ha estimulado la publicación de un copioso cuerpo de obras teóricas sobre la economía política de la reforma, es decir, el estudio de las limitantes políticas que condicionan la oportunidad, la rapidez y el secuenciamiento de las reformas. En este trabajo se ponen a prueba algunas de las hipótesis vinculadas con esos modelos teóricos, empleándose un conjunto de indicadores de reforma estructural de aproximadamente 20 países latinoamericanos durante el período 1985-95. Aunque algunas de esas hipótesis cuentan con un apoyo considerable, no se puede explicar las reformas recientes en América Latina sin mejores teorías o bien mejores datos.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department in its series Research Department Publications with number 4218.

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Date of creation: Jun 2000
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Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4218
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  1. Peter J. Montiel & Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 1997. "Reform and Growth in Latin America: all Pain, no Gain?," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6801, Inter-American Development Bank.
  2. Mathias Dewatripont & Gérard Roland, 1995. "The design of reform packages under uncertainty," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/9607, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  3. Mauro, Paolo, 1995. "Corruption and Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 110(3), pages 681-712, August.
  4. Eduardo Lora, 2001. "Structural reforms in Latin America: What has been reformed and how to measure it?," Research Department Publications 4287, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  5. Drazen, Allan & Grilli, Vittorio, 1993. "The Benefit of Crises for Economic Reforms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(3), pages 598-607, June.
  6. Roubini, Nouriel & Sachs, Jeffrey D., 1989. "Political and economic determinants of budget deficits in the industrial democracies," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 33(5), pages 903-933, May.
  7. Eduardo Lora & Ugo Panizza, 2002. "Structural Reforms in Latin America under Scrutiny," Research Department Publications 4303, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  8. Mariano Tommasi, 1995. "Where are we in the Political Economy of Reform?," UCLA Economics Working Papers 733, UCLA Department of Economics.
  9. Cesar Martinelli & Mariano Tommasi, 1993. "Sequencing of Economic Reforms in the Presence of Political Constraints," UCLA Economics Working Papers 701, UCLA Department of Economics.
  10. Easterly, William & Loayza, Norman & Montiel, Peter, 1997. "Has Latin America's post-reform growth been disappointing?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 43(3-4), pages 287-311, November.
  11. Alberto Alesina & Allan Drazen, 1989. "Why are Stabilizations Delayed?," NBER Working Papers 3053, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  12. Haggard, Stephan & Webb, Steven B, 1993. "What Do We Know about the Political Economy of Economic Policy Reform?," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 8(2), pages 143-68, July.
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