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Fear of Crime: Does Trust and Community Participation Matter?

  • Pavel Luengas


    (Office of Evaluation and Oversight at the Interamerican Development Bank.)

  • Inder J. Ruprah


    (Office of Evaluation and Oversight at the Interamerican Development Bank.)

This paper examines the association between trust and community involvement with fear of crime. Fear of crime is measured by three typical perception measures: neighborhood security; walking alone in the dark; and the risk of becoming a victim. The data is from Chile’s Victimization Survey. The techniques used are a multinomial regression and an impact –propensity score single difference- calculation. We find that while trust matters participation generally does not for fear. However, regressions leave open the direction of causality. An impact calculation confirms that participation in a neighborhood crime prevention program does not affect the fear of crime. Thus the evidence challenges the general idea that involvement in one’s community and the specific idea of community participation in neighborhood crime prevention programs reduce fear and increase feelings of safety.

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Paper provided by Inter-American Development Bank, Office of Evaluation and Oversight (OVE) in its series OVE Working Papers with number 0808.

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Length: 19 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2008
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:idb:ovewps:0808
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  1. Caliendo, Marco & Kopeinig, Sabine, 2005. "Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching," IZA Discussion Papers 1588, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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