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The great moderation Icelandic style

  • Ásgeir Daníelsson
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    Reduction in the volatility in macroeconomic time series has been documented for a number of countries. This paper documents similar reduction for the Icelandic economy. The paper estimates the timing of the breakpoint and/or a trend in the variance of the series. The paper finds that the reduction in the variance in changes in Gross National Income (GNI) is larger than the reduction in the variance in the changes in GDP, both because of a reduction in the volatility in terms of trade and because of a reduction in the correlation between changes in GDP and changes in terms of trade. The largest contribution to the decline in the volatility in GNI comes though from the reduction in the volatility in GDP. The paper finds that the volatility in GDP has declined more than the volatility of its components, except export where the decline is greater. The main reason for the decline in the volatility in export is a decline in the volatility in fishing and fish processing. The paper finds that there is a strong relationship between the volatility in export and the volatility in GDP.

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    File URL: http://www.sedlabanki.is/lisalib/getfile.aspx?itemid=5977
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    Paper provided by Department of Economics, Central bank of Iceland in its series Economics with number wp38.

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    Date of creation: May 2008
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    Handle: RePEc:ice:wpaper:wp38
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    1. Antonello D’Agostino & Karl Whelan, 2007. "Federal Reserve Information during the Great Moderation," Working Papers 200722, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    2. Stephen G Cecchetti & Alfonso Flores-Lagunes & Stefan Krause, 2005. "Assessing the Sources of Changes in the Volatility of Real Growth," RBA Annual Conference Volume, in: Christopher Kent & David Norman (ed.), The Changing Nature of the Business Cycle Reserve Bank of Australia.
    3. D’Agostino, Antonello & Giannone, Domenico & Surico, Paolo, 2006. "(Un)Predictability and macroeconomic stability," Working Paper Series 0605, European Central Bank.
    4. Giannone, Domenico & Lenza, Michele & Reichlin, Lucrezia, 2007. "Explaining The Great Moderation: It Is Not The Shocks," CEPR Discussion Papers 6600, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Donald W.K. Andrews & Werner Ploberger, 1992. "Optimal Tests When a Nuisance Parameter Is Present Only Under the Alternative," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1015, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University.
    6. James H. Stock & Mark W. Watson, 2003. "Has the Business Cycle Changed and Why?," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2002, Volume 17, pages 159-230 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    7. repec:ucn:oapubs:10197/235 is not listed on IDEAS
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