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Außenwirtschaftliche Verbindungen der deutschen Bundesländer zur Republik Österreich

Author

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  • Anselm Mattes

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  • Julia Spies

    ()

Abstract

Sowohl beim Außenhandel wie auch bei den Direktinvestitionen weisen insbesondere große und nahe gelegene Bundesländer eine starke Verflechtung mit Österreich auf, wobei traditionelle Sektoren wie der Maschinen- und Kraftwagenbau im Außenhandel noch immer eine dominante Position einnehmen. Die vorliegende Studie untersucht für den Zeitraum 1996-2006 Struktur, Determinanten und Potenziale der außenwirtschaftlichen Verbindungen der deutschen Bundesländer mit Österreich anhand von Export- und Importstatistiken des Statistischen Bundesamtes und der Mikrodatenbank Direktinvestitionen (MiDi) der Deutschen Bundesbank. Sowohl die deskriptiven Analysen als auch die ökonometrischen Schätzungen bestätigen eine Gravitationsbeziehung durch einen positiven Einfluss des Bruttoinlandsprodukts und einen negativen Einfluss der Distanz. Des Weiteren beeinflussen eine gemeinsame Sprache, der Euro und eine gute Infrastruktur die außenwirtschaftlichen Beziehungen. Die Berechnung der Potenzialwerte für 2006 zeigt eine Überausschöpfung des Handelsvolumens mit nahezu allen Bundesländern und eine Vollauslastung des Direktinvestitionsvolumens mit den drei größten Bundesländern - Baden-Württemberg, Bayern und Nordrhein-Westfalen.

Suggested Citation

  • Anselm Mattes & Julia Spies, 2009. "Außenwirtschaftliche Verbindungen der deutschen Bundesländer zur Republik Österreich," IAW Discussion Papers 49, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
  • Handle: RePEc:iaw:iawdip:49
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Gravitationsgleichung; Handel; FDI; ausländische Direktinvestitionen; Handelspotenziale; Direktinvestitionspotenziale; Bundesländervergleich;

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