IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hit/econdp/2013-09.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

An Analysis of Changes in Wealth Distribution upon the Entrance of Foreign Direct Investment Firms

Author

Listed:
  • Duong, Tran Lam Anh

Abstract

This paper investigates the role of foreign direct investment (FDI) firms with respect to various economic aspects in developing countries, such as the determination of wealth distribution and the entry and exit of entrepreneurs. The model used in this paper is based on the theoretical framework developed in Matsuyama (2011). Unlike the original model focusing on a closed economy, this paper will introduce the arrival of FDI firms as a new actual foreign factor. It is shown that the FDI firms can possibly have various negative effects. More specifically, the following somewhat interesting results are obtained. First, the paper is the first to describe how the entrance of FDI firms can effect both wealth equality and inequality. This entrance can cause equality by acting as either a "big push" to push all the poorer members of society out of the poverty trap so that all domestic agents may become more equal with respect to wealth distribution and more free with respect to job selection. Conversely, it could lead to an "underdevelopment trap" whereby all domestic agents have no other choice than to work for FDI firms. On the other hand, the entrance of FDI firms may also cause inequality by widening the gap between rich and poor. The cost of starting a new business, the bequest motive and the world interest rate play critical roles in the determination of the effects of FDI-firm entry. Second, entry and exit of entrepreneurs is also analyzed under profitability and borrowing constraints and its relation to equality is also discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Duong, Tran Lam Anh, 2013. "An Analysis of Changes in Wealth Distribution upon the Entrance of Foreign Direct Investment Firms," Discussion Papers 2013-09, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:econdp:2013-09
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/25899/1/070econDP13-09.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Basu, Parantap & Guariglia, Alessandra, 2007. "Foreign Direct Investment, inequality, and growth," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 29(4), pages 824-839, December.
    2. Mary Hallward-Driemeier & Giuseppe Iarossi & Kenneth L. Sokoloff, 2002. "Exports and Manufacturing Productivity in East Asia: A Comparative Analysis with Firm-Level Data," NBER Working Papers 8894, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Gall, Thomas & Schiffbauer, Marc & Kubny, Julia, 2014. "Dynamic Effects Of Foreign Direct Investment When Credit Markets Are Imperfect," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 18(08), pages 1797-1831, December.
    4. Robert E. Baldwin & Robert E. Lipsey & J. David Richards, 1998. "Geography and Ownership as Bases for Economic Accounting," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bald98-1, July.
    5. Emmanuel Amissah & Spiros Bougheas & Rod Falvey, 2011. "Financial Constraints, the Distribution of Wealth and International Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34, pages 707-724, May.
    6. Kiminori Matsuyama, 2011. "Imperfect Credit Markets, Household Wealth Distribution, and Development," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 3(1), pages 339-362, September.
    7. Changkyu Choi, 2006. "Does foreign direct investment affect domestic income inequality?," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 13(12), pages 811-814.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign direct investment; wealth distribution; entry and exit of entrepreneurs;

    JEL classification:

    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hit:econdp:2013-09. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Digital Resources Section, Hitotsubashi University Library). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/fehitjp.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.