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Financial Constraints, the Distribution of Wealth and International Trade


  • Emmanuel Amissah
  • Spiros Bougheas
  • Rod Falvey


We develop a simple theoretical model to examine the impact of the distribution of wealth on the patterns of trade when capital markets are imperfect. Our model predicts that the dispersion of wealth can be a determinant of comparative advantage for low-income countries with poor financial institutions. We find support for these prediction using export and financial panel data from a large sample of countries.
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  • Emmanuel Amissah & Spiros Bougheas & Rod Falvey, 2011. "Financial Constraints, the Distribution of Wealth and International Trade," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34, pages 707-724, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:worlde:v:34:y:2011:i::p:707-724

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ferdinand Dudenhöffer, 2005. "Wie viel Deutschland steckt im Porsche?," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 58(24), pages 03-05, December.
    2. Richard A. Brecher, 1974. "Minimum Wage Rates and the Pure Theory of International Trade," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 88(1), pages 98-116.
    3. Peter Egger & Michael Pfaffermayr, 2006. "Spatial convergence," Papers in Regional Science, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 85(2), pages 199-215, June.
    4. Paul Krugman, 1995. "Growing World Trade: Causes and Consequences," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 26(1, 25th A), pages 327-377.
    5. Hans-Werner Sinn & Wolfgang Ochel, 2003. "Social Union, Convergence and Migration," Journal of Common Market Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 41(5), pages 869-896, December.
    6. Davis, Donald R, 1998. "Does European Unemployment Prop Up American Wages? National Labor Markets and Global Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(3), pages 478-494, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Duong, Tran Lam Anh, 2013. "An Analysis of Changes in Wealth Distribution upon the Entrance of Foreign Direct Investment Firms," Discussion Papers 2013-09, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
    2. Spiros Bougheas & Rod Falvey, 2014. "The Impact of Financial Constraints and Wealth Inequality on International Trade Flows, Capital Movements and Entrepreneurial Migration," CESifo Working Paper Series 4775, CESifo Group Munich.

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