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On the Determinants of Inequality in Education


  • Jirada Prasartpornsirichoke

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)

  • Yoshi Takahashi

    (Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation, Hiroshima University)


The main objective of this paper has been to investigate macroeconomic factors influencing the schooling inequality across 69 countries during the period of 1975 to 2005 with five-year intervals period. Relying on 201 observations, we found that education expansion, ratio of capital to GDP, and ratio of female to male primary enrollment statistically significantly play as powerful equalizers in education distribution .Previous-year educational inequality, per capita real income, and growth rate of rural population play as significant disequalizers of educational inequality. There are two major findings. Firstly we found that factors directly involved to schooling like enrolment rate or education expenditures are not significant while the factors indirectly involved to schooling have significant impacts on educational inequality. Secondly, we found quadratic (U-shape) relationship between rural growth rate and educational inequality. So the higher rural population growth rate brings increasing or decreasing of educational inequality with turning point at rate -1.39.

Suggested Citation

  • Jirada Prasartpornsirichoke & Yoshi Takahashi, 2012. "On the Determinants of Inequality in Education," IDEC DP2 Series 2-16, Hiroshima University, Graduate School for International Development and Cooperation (IDEC).
  • Handle: RePEc:hir:idecdp:2-16

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    File Function: First version, 2012
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. De Gregorio, Jose & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2002. "Education and Income Inequality: New Evidence from Cross-Country Data," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 395-416, September.
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    More about this item


    Schooling inequality; Education expansion; Gini coefficients; Determinants;

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality


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