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Does Providing Childcare to Unemployed Affect Unemployment Duration?

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  • Vikman, Ulrika

    () (Uppsala Center for Labor Studies)

Abstract

This paper examines if the probability of leaving unemployment changes for unemployed parents with young children when childcare is available. To investigate this, I use the heterogeneity among Swedish municipalities before the implementation of a 2001 Swedish childcare reform making it mandatory for municipalities to o er childcare to unemployed parents for at least 15 hours per week. In the study di erence-in-di erences and di erence-in-di erence-indi erences methods are used. The results indicate a positive e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for mothers when childcare is available, but no e ect is found for fathers. For mothers, some heterogeneous e ects are also found, with a greater e ect on the probability of leaving unemployment for work when childcare is available for mothers with only compulsory schooling or university education and mothers with two children.

Suggested Citation

  • Vikman, Ulrika, 2010. "Does Providing Childcare to Unemployed Affect Unemployment Duration?," Working Paper Series, Center for Labor Studies 2010:7, Uppsala University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:uulswp:2010_007
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    File URL: http://www.ucls.nek.uu.se/digitalAssets/136/136462_20107.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Van den Berg, Gerard J., 2001. "Duration models: specification, identification and multiple durations," Handbook of Econometrics,in: J.J. Heckman & E.E. Leamer (ed.), Handbook of Econometrics, edition 1, volume 5, chapter 55, pages 3381-3460 Elsevier.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Unemployment duration; Childcare;

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search

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