The Swedish national innovation system and its relevance for the emergence of global innovation networks
Sweden is considered to be one of the most advanced countries in terms of innovation worldwide. Sweden always ranks high in all international reports on Science and Technology indicators such as the ones regularly published by the OECD or Eurostat. As many small countries, the Sweden economy has a strong international orientation and this is also reflected in the national innovation system. The NIS is dominated by internationally oriented industrial firms and universities. Furthermore, since 1988, the country has experienced a growing trend of mergers and acquisitions of technology intensive firms by foreign companies (Vinnova, 2006) whose presence, particularly in certain industries, is very noticeable. The aim of this paper is to explore the links between the NIS in Sweden and the participation of Swedish firms and Swedish universities in Global Innovation Networks. More specifically, it attempts to answer the following questions: a) To what extent are Swedish actors participating in GINs? b) To what extent is the Swedish NIS attracting GINs? c) What is the role of the Swedish NIS in supporting the participation of Swedish Universities and Swedish firms in GINs? d) What is the role of the Swedish NIS in attracting actors in GINs into Sweden?. The paper is based on secondary sources and has a rather descriptive nature. In its current form (June 2010) is a report submitted to the EU Commission as part of the deliverables of the INGINEUS project
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- Spronk, Jaap & Vermeulen, Erik M., 2003. "Comparative performance evaluation under uncertainty," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 150(3), pages 482-495, November.
- Charles Edquist & Leif Hommen, 2008.
"Comparing National Systems of Innovation in Asia and Europe: Theory and Comparative Framework,"
in: Small Country Innovation Systems, chapter 1
- Edquist, Charles & Hommen, Leif, 2008. "Comparing national systems of innovation in Asia and Europe: theory and comparative framework," Papers in Innovation Studies 2008/10, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.
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