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Population Growth And Job Creation In Timor-Leste

Timor-Leste began its independence as one of the poorest nations in the world. Substantial progress has been made thereafter but the challenges for future development are numerous. High population growth and modest growth of GDP means that per capita income is declining and that the extent of poverty is increasing. For this situation to change, income opportunities other than those provided by subsistence agriculture are needed. Considering the low level of education and the keen competition for skilled personnel this, however, is difficult. So far, it seems that most skilled workers are being absorbed by the public sector and that this is pushing up the already high skilled wage level. That, in turn, affects the competitiveness of the private sector negatively and acts as an obstacle to the creation of employment opportunities outside agriculture.

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Paper provided by The European Institute of Japanese Studies in its series EIJS Working Paper Series with number 226.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: 27 Jun 2006
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published as Lundahl, Mats and Fredrik Sjöholm, 'POPULATION GROWTH AND JOB CREATION IN TIMOR-LESTE' in Journal of the Asia Pacific Economy, 2009, pages 90-104.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:eijswp:0226
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  1. International Monetary Fund, 2004. "Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste; 2004 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for the Democratic R," IMF Staff Country Reports 04/321, International Monetary Fund.
  2. Angeles, Gustavo & Guilkey, David K & Mroz, Thomas A, 2005. "The Effects of Education and Family Planning Programs on Fertility in Indonesia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(1), pages 165-201, October.
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