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Population Growth And Job Creation In Timor-Leste

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Abstract

Timor-Leste began its independence as one of the poorest nations in the world. Substantial progress has been made thereafter but the challenges for future development are numerous. High population growth and modest growth of GDP means that per capita income is declining and that the extent of poverty is increasing. For this situation to change, income opportunities other than those provided by subsistence agriculture are needed. Considering the low level of education and the keen competition for skilled personnel this, however, is difficult. So far, it seems that most skilled workers are being absorbed by the public sector and that this is pushing up the already high skilled wage level. That, in turn, affects the competitiveness of the private sector negatively and acts as an obstacle to the creation of employment opportunities outside agriculture.

Suggested Citation

  • Lundahl, Mats & Sjöholm, Fredrik, 2006. "Population Growth And Job Creation In Timor-Leste," EIJS Working Paper Series 226, Stockholm School of Economics, The European Institute of Japanese Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:eijswp:0226
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Angeles, Gustavo & Guilkey, David K & Mroz, Thomas A, 2005. "The Effects of Education and Family Planning Programs on Fertility in Indonesia," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 54(1), pages 165-201, October.
    2. International Monetary Fund, 2004. "Democratic Republic of Timor-Leste; Staff Report for the 2004 Article IV Consultation," IMF Staff Country Reports 04/321, International Monetary Fund.
    3. Das, Maitreyi Bordia & O'Keefe, Philip, 2007. "Enterprises, workers, and skills in Urban Timor-Leste," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4177, The World Bank.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Timor-Leste; Job Creation; Development; Industry;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O14 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Industrialization; Manufacturing and Service Industries; Choice of Technology
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration

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