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Capital Constraints, Trade and Crowding Out of Southern Firms

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Abstract

Introducing capital market imperfections to a 'footloose capital'’model, I show how such distortions may explain the observed phenomena of an industrialized north and an underdeveloped south. Further, I show that with inter-generational savings internationalization will cause a crowding out of manufacturing firms in the south, increasing the share of the southern population that are credit-constrained, and also reducing total income in the country. This should not, however, be taken as an argument for protectionism, as welfare may indeed be higher with trade than in autarky, if trade costs are sufficiently low.

Suggested Citation

  • Christensen, Jonas Gade, 2011. "Capital Constraints, Trade and Crowding Out of Southern Firms," Working Papers in Economics 05/11, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:bergec:2011_005
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    1. Pol Antràs & Ricardo J. Caballero, 2009. "Trade and Capital Flows: A Financial Frictions Perspective," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 117(4), pages 701-744, August.
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    11. repec:hhs:iuiwop:430 is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Capital constraints; Home market effect; Gain from trade;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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