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Subsidies to Poor Regions and Inequalities: Some Unpleasant Arithmetic

Author

Listed:
  • Vincent Dupont

    (MEDEE - Université de Lille, Sciences et Technologies)

  • Philippe Martin

    () (CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the effect of different regional subsidies to poor regions on industrial location, employment, income inequality and welfare in the presence of agglomeration forces when firms are mobile. The impact on location of such subsidies is stronger when trade costs are low. With mobile capital, regional subsidies such as tax breaks in the poor region lead to higher profits for firms in both regions. If financed at the national level, such subsidies given to firms in the poor region increase inequality between and within regions. Finally, with relocation costs, such regional subsidies may hurt the poor region.

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Dupont & Philippe Martin, 2006. "Subsidies to Poor Regions and Inequalities: Some Unpleasant Arithmetic," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00176909, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00176909
    DOI: 10.1093/jeg/lbi019
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00176909
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ludema, Rodney D. & Wooton, Ian, 2000. "Economic geography and the fiscal effects of regional integration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(2), pages 331-357, December.
    2. Haufler, Andreas & Wooton, Ian, 1999. "Country size and tax competition for foreign direct investment," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 121-139, January.
    3. Fuest, Clemens & Huber, Bernd, 2000. "Why do governments subsidise investment and not employment?," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1-2), pages 171-192, October.
    4. Krugman, Paul, 1991. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
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    7. Forslid, Rikard, 2003. "Regional Policy, Integration and the Location of Industry," Research Papers in Economics 2003:7, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    8. Karen Helene Midelfart-Knarvik & Henry G. Overman, 2002. "Delocation and European integration: is structural spending justified?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 17(35), pages 321-359, October.
    9. Martin, Philippe, 1999. "Public policies, regional inequalities and growth," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 73(1), pages 85-105, July.
    10. Martin, Philippe & Rogers, Carol Ann, 1995. "Industrial location and public infrastructure," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(3-4), pages 335-351, November.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic geography; regional inequalities and regional subsidies;

    JEL classification:

    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H7 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations
    • R0 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General

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