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L'Impact De L'Endettement Sur La Profitabilité Une Étude Empirique Sur Données Françaises En Panel

  • Mazen Kebewar

    ()

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS - UO - Université d'Orléans)

This article aims to analyze the effect of debt on the profitability. This impact can be explained by three essential theories: signaling theory, the agency costs theory and tax theory. The sample consists of a panel of 1,078 French firms, unlisted, anonymous type and Limited Liability Company; belonging to the construction sector over the period 1999-2006. We show, by using the generalized method of moments (GMM), that the debt affects negatively the profitability, not only linearly, but also, in a non-linear (concave) way. However, by detailing the analysis according to different class of size, we find that the linear negative effect and the non-linear effect are significant only in small and medium-sized enterprises (SME).

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number halshs-00749685.

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Date of creation: 08 Nov 2012
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00749685
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00749685
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  1. Margaritis, Dimitris & Psillaki, Maria, 2010. "Capital structure, equity ownership and firm performance," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 621-632, March.
  2. Mazen KEBEWAR, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel," LEO Working Papers / DR LEO 972, Orleans Economics Laboratory / Laboratoire d'Economie d'Orleans (LEO), University of Orleans.
  3. Laurent Weill, 2008. "Leverage and corporate performance: does institutional environment matter?," ULB Institutional Repository 2013/14343, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  4. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schäfer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2006. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: A Comparison of German and US Firms," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 636, Boston College Department of Economics, revised 14 Apr 2007.
  5. Mazen Kebewar, 2012. "La structure du capital et la profitabilité : Une étude empirique sur données de panel françaises," Working Papers hal-00751212, HAL.
  6. Himmelberg, C.P. & Hubbard, R.G. & Palia, D., 1997. "Understanding the Determinants of Mangerial Ownership and the Link Between Ownership and Performance," Papers 97-21, Columbia - Graduate School of Business.
  7. repec:oup:restud:v:58:y:1991:i:2:p:277-97 is not listed on IDEAS
  8. Marc Deloof, 2003. "Does Working Capital Management Affect Profitability of Belgian Firms?," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(3-4), pages 573-588.
  9. Christopher F. Baum & Dorothea Schäfer & Oleksandr Talavera, 2006. "The Effects of Short-Term Liabilities on Profitability: The Case of Germany," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 635, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  10. M Arellano & O Bover, 1990. "Another Look at the Instrumental Variable Estimation of Error-Components Models," CEP Discussion Papers dp0007, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  11. Paulo J. Ma��s Nunes & Zélia M. Serrasqueiro & Tiago N. Sequeira, 2007. "Profitability in Portuguese service industries: a panel data approach," The Service Industries Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 29(5), pages 693-707, May.
  12. Berger, Allen N. & Bonaccorsi di Patti, Emilia, 2006. "Capital structure and firm performance: A new approach to testing agency theory and an application to the banking industry," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 30(4), pages 1065-1102, April.
  13. Kebewar, mazen, 2012. "L’impact de l’endettement sur la profitabilité: Une étude empirique sur données françaises en panel
    [The impact of debt on profitability: An empirical study on French data panel]
    ," MPRA Paper 42579, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  14. Francesco Nucci & Alberto F. Pozzolo & Fabiano Schivardi, 2005. "Is Firm's Productivity Related to its Financial Structure? Evidence from Microeconomic Data," Rivista di Politica Economica, SIPI Spa, vol. 95(1), pages 269-290, January-F.
  15. Blundell, Richard & Bond, Stephen, 1998. "Initial conditions and moment restrictions in dynamic panel data models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 115-143, August.
  16. Dimitris Margaritis & Maria Psillaki, 2007. "Capital Structure and Firm Efficiency," Journal of Business Finance & Accounting, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 34(9-10), pages 1447-1469.
  17. David Roodman, 2009. "How to do xtabond2: An introduction to difference and system GMM in Stata," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 9(1), pages 86-136, March.
  18. Majumdar, Sumit K & Chhibber, Pradeep, 1999. " Capital Structure and Performance: Evidence from a Transition Economy on an Aspect of Corporate Governance," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 98(3-4), pages 287-305, March.
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