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La globalisation économique, un rapport de forces entre Etats et intérêts privés producteur d’inégalités, de conflits et de guerres économiques


  • Jacques Fontanel

    () (CESICE - Centre d'études sur la sécurité internationale et les coopérations européennes - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - UGA - Université Grenoble Alpes)


Economic globalization, based on the dominant liberal analysis, has not suppressed conflicts and economic wars. Private interests have gained more political importance in economic life and they influence the behaviour of states. The precariousness of the employees, the rise of different forms of poverty, the assistance reduced to the most destitute constitute new human situations that the global increase of wealth can not justify. The pillars of capitalism are private property, self-interest, competition, a market mechanism, the freedom of choice in terms of consumption, production and investment and the limited role of public authorities. The public authorities protect the private interests of the richest. Interstate bodies serve the main purpose of maintaining liberalism, multinational enterprises have more income and wealth than most developing countries, and inequalities are justified only by a system of value that is at least questionable. The undivided rule of the powers of the market economy is a factor of increasing poverty and precariousness for the excluded and the salaried, threatened by unemployment and competition with machines. States refer to GDP as a religion, without questioning its content and distribution. Another conception of collective growth should be put in place, taking into account the wellbeing and human development of all citizens.

Suggested Citation

  • Jacques Fontanel, 2017. "La globalisation économique, un rapport de forces entre Etats et intérêts privés producteur d’inégalités, de conflits et de guerres économiques," Working Papers hal-02179483, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02179483
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Robert J. Gordon, 2016. "The Rise and Fall of American Growth: The U.S. Standard of Living since the Civil War," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 10544, March.
    2. Jacques Fontanel & Liliane Bensahel & Steven Coissard & Yann Echinard, 2008. "French Utopian Economists Of The Nineteenth Century," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(5), pages 339-350.
    3. Daniel Cohen, 2015. "Le Monde est clos et le désir infini," Post-Print halshs-01204748, HAL.
    4. William D. Nordhaus & James Tobin, 1973. "Is Growth Obsolete?," NBER Chapters, in: The Measurement of Economic and Social Performance, pages 509-564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Fontanel, Jacques, 1995. "The economics of disarmament," Handbook of Defense Economics, in: Keith Hartley & Todd Sandler (ed.), Handbook of Defense Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 19, pages 563-590, Elsevier.
    6. David Neumark, 2015. "Reducing poverty via minimum wages, alternatives," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco.
    7. Jacques Fontanel & Fanny Coulomb, 2008. "The Genesis Of Economic Thought Concerning War And Peace," Defence and Peace Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 19(5), pages 321-330.
    8. Jacques Fontanel & Fanny Coulomb, 2008. "The genesis of economic thought concerning war and peace," Post-Print hal-02059641, HAL.
    9. Otker-Robe, Inci & Podpiera, Anca Maria, 2013. "The social impact of financial crises: evidence from the global financial crisis," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6703, The World Bank.
    10. Fanny Coulomb & Liliane Bensahel & Jacques Fontanel, 2011. "Economists' Controversies about the Causality between War and Economic Cycles," Post-Print hal-01989057, HAL.
    11. Dani Rodrik, 1998. "Has Globalization Gone Too Far?," Challenge, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 41(2), pages 81-94, March.
    12. Jacques Fontanel & Jean-Paul Hébert & Ivan Samson, 2008. "The birth of the political economy or the economy in the heart of politics," Post-Print hal-02059663, HAL.
    13. François Bourguignon, 2012. "La mondialisation de l'inégalité," Post-Print halshs-00754908, HAL.
    14. Fanny Coulomb & Liliane Bensahel & Jacques Fontanel, 2007. "The concepts of economic war and economic conflicts in a global market economy," Post-Print hal-02043758, HAL.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jacques Fontanel, 2017. "Les (ré)volutions civiles annoncées," Working Papers hal-02185261, HAL.


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