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Education, Wage Inequality and Growth

Author

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  • Kirill Borissov

    () (St. Petersburg Institute for Economics and Mathematics Russian Academy of Sciences - St. Petersburg Institute for Economics and Mathematics - Russian Academy of Science)

  • Stéphane Lambrecht

    () (EQUIPPE - Economie Quantitative, Intégration, Politiques Publiques et Econométrie - Université Lille II - Droit et santé - Université Lille 1 - Sciences et technologies - Université Charles-de-Gaulle Lille 3 - Sciences humaines et sociales - PRES Université Lille Nord de France)

Abstract

We model a successive-generation economy in which parents, motivated by fam- ily altruism, decide to nance or not their o spring's capital accumulation on the basis of their altruistic motive, their own income and the equilibrium ratio between skilled-labor and unskilled-labor wages. The question we ask is how the growth process in this economy shapes the wage inequality and the split of the population in two classes. We study the transitional dynamics of human capital accumulation and of wage inequality. First, we prove the existence of equilibrium paths. Then we show that there exists a continuum of steady-state equilibria and prove the convergence of each equilibrium path to one of the steady-state equilibrium. Also we look at the relationship between inequality and output on the set of steady states and nd that this relationship is ambigu- ous. Finally, we deal with an endogenous-growth version of our model, which displays the ambiguous relationship between inequality and the rate of growth

Suggested Citation

  • Kirill Borissov & Stéphane Lambrecht, 2011. "Education, Wage Inequality and Growth," Working Papers hal-00955684, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00955684
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.univ-lille3.fr/hal-00955684
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1993. "Factor Shares and Savings in Endogenous Growth," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 83(5), pages 1184-1198, December.
    2. Alesina, Alberto & Perotti, Roberto, 1996. "Income distribution, political instability, and investment," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(6), pages 1203-1228, June.
    3. Lambrecht, Stephane & Michel, Philippe & Vidal, Jean-Pierre, 2005. "Public pensions and growth," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(5), pages 1261-1281, July.
    4. Stéphane Lambrecht & Philippe Michel & Emmanuel Thibault, 2006. "Capital Accumulation and Fiscal Policy in an OLG Model with Family Altruism," Journal of Public Economic Theory, Association for Public Economic Theory, vol. 8(3), pages 465-486, August.
    5. Alberto Alesina & Dani Rodrik, 1994. "Distributive Politics and Economic Growth," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 109(2), pages 465-490.
    6. Loury, Glenn C, 1981. "Intergenerational Transfers and the Distribution of Earnings," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 49(4), pages 843-867, June.
    7. Andreoni, James, 1989. "Giving with Impure Altruism: Applications to Charity and Ricardian Equivalence," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 97(6), pages 1447-1458, December.
    8. Cecilia Garcia-Penalosa & Eve Caroli & Philippe Aghion, 1999. "Inequality and Economic Growth: The Perspective of the New Growth Theories," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 37(4), pages 1615-1660, December.
    9. Oded Galor & Joseph Zeira, 1993. "Income Distribution and Macroeconomics," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 60(1), pages 35-52.
    10. Debraj Ray, 2006. "On the dynamics of inequality," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 29(2), pages 291-306, October.
    11. Perotti, Roberto & Alesina, Alberto, 1996. "Income Distribution, Political Instability, and Investment," Scholarly Articles 4553018, Harvard University Department of Economics.
    12. Kirill Borissov & Stéphane Lambrecht, 2009. "Growth and distribution in an AK-model with endogenous impatience," Economic Theory, Springer;Society for the Advancement of Economic Theory (SAET), vol. 39(1), pages 93-112, April.
    13. Becker, Gary S & Tomes, Nigel, 1979. "An Equilibrium Theory of the Distribution of Income and Intergenerational Mobility," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(6), pages 1153-1189, December.
    14. repec:cor:louvrp:-1820 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. BALESTRA, Carlotta & BRECHET, Thierry & LAMBRECHT, Stéphane, 2010. "Property rights with biological spillovers: when Hardin meets Meade," CORE Discussion Papers 2010071, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
    2. Jean-Philippe Garnier, 2012. "Sunspots, cycles and adjustment costs in the two-sectors model," Working Papers hal-00991657, HAL.

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