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European States and Financial Systems: A Biased Relationship

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  • Nathalie Rey

    () (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - USPC - Université Sorbonne Paris Cité - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Public intervention in the banking sector takes three main forms: prudential regulation, especially with the Basel II ratio for adequacy of a bank's own funds for their exposure to risk ; insuring deposits, the goal of which is to ensure a minimum level of protection for depositors and savers in order to avoid a run on banks ; and control and supervision of banks by public authorities, which ensures that the rules are applied properly. Intervention by central banks, through their monetary policy and as lenders of last resort, constitutes the fourth means of regulating the banking system, and the main form of intervention in financial markets. Central banks intervene in order to ensure the stability of financial systems. The financial crisis has shown that traditional modes of public intervention in the financial system are ineffective and insufficient. Before analyzing the principles and limits of these forms of public intervention, we examine cases of exceptional intervention and support to banks by public powers during the crisis. Then, in conclusion, we compare these forms of public intervention with the current state of financial systems.

Suggested Citation

  • Nathalie Rey, 2012. "European States and Financial Systems: A Biased Relationship," Post-Print halshs-00758892, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00758892
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00758892
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    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00758892/document
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mathieu Plane & Georges Pujals, 2009. "Les banques dans la crise," Revue de l'OFCE, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 0(3), pages 179-219.
    2. Moshirian, Fariborz, 2011. "The global financial crisis and the evolution of markets, institutions and regulation," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 35(3), pages 502-511, March.
    3. Dabrowski, Marek, 2010. "The global financial crisis: Lessons for European integration," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 38-54, March.
    4. Uhde, André & Heimeshoff, Ulrich, 2009. "Consolidation in banking and financial stability in Europe: Empirical evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(7), pages 1299-1311, July.
    5. Alex Cukierman, 2011. "Reflections on the Crisis and on its Lessons for Regulatory Reforms and for Central Bank Policies," Chapters,in: Handbook of Central Banking, Financial Regulation and Supervision, chapter 3 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    6. Breitenfellner, Bastian & Wagner, Niklas, 2010. "Government intervention in response to the subprime financial crisis: The good into the pot, the bad into the crop," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 19(4), pages 289-297, September.
    7. Eisenbeis, Robert A. & Kaufman, George G., 2008. "Cross-border banking and financial stability in the EU," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 4(3), pages 168-204, September.
    8. Jean-Paul Betbèze & Christian Bordes & Jézabel Couppey-Soubeyran & Dominique Plihon, 2011. "Banques centrales et stabilité financière," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00629624, HAL.
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    Keywords

    Financial systems; Financial crisis; States; Public intervention; Prudential regulation;

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