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Quelles avancées permettent les techniques de frontière dans la mesure de l'efficience des exploitants de transport urbain ?

Author

Listed:
  • Julien Lévêque

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • William Roy

    () (LET - Laboratoire d'économie des transports - UL2 - Université Lumière - Lyon 2 - ENTPE - École Nationale des Travaux Publics de l'État - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper discusses the efficiency measure of urban transport operators. We propose a frontier approach, which is compared to the current use of productivity ratios. A survey of the literature leads us to expose our methodology (parametric and stochastic frontier) and to take into account the characteristics of urban transportation in our model. We estimate a production frontier for a sample of 135 urban networks corresponding to years 1995-2002. We analyze the factors which explain inefficiency (for instance the size of networks) and elasticities (return to scale, elasticities of substitution). We show that frontiers improve the quality of efficiency measurements.

Suggested Citation

  • Julien Lévêque & William Roy, 2004. "Quelles avancées permettent les techniques de frontière dans la mesure de l'efficience des exploitants de transport urbain ?," Post-Print halshs-00091900, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00091900
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00091900
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kristiaan Kerstens, 1999. "Decomposing Technical Efficiency and Effectiveness of French Urban Transport," Annals of Economics and Statistics, GENES, issue 54, pages 129-155.
    2. Dag Dalen & Andres Gómez-Lobo, 2003. "Yardsticks on the road: Regulatory contracts and cost efficiency in the Norwegian bus industry," Transportation, Springer, vol. 30(4), pages 371-386, November.
    3. Philippe Gagnepain & Marc Ivaldi, 2002. "Incentive Regulatory Policies: The Case of Public Transit Systems in France," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 33(4), pages 605-629, Winter.
    4. Tim Coelli & Antonio Estache & Sergio Perelman & Lourdes Trujillo, 2003. "A Primer on Efficiency Measurement for Utilities and Transport Regulators," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15149, June.
    5. DE BORGER, Bruno & KERSTENS, Kristiaan & COSTA, Álvaro, "undated". "Public transit performance: What do we learn from frontier studies?," Working Papers 2000019, University of Antwerp, Faculty of Business and Economics.
    6. Luis R. Murillo‐Zamorano, 2004. "Economic Efficiency and Frontier Techniques," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 18(1), pages 33-77, February.
    7. repec:adr:anecst:y:1994:i:33:p:11 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Blackorby, Charles & Russell, R Robert, 1989. "Will the Real Elasticity of Substitution Please Stand Up? (A Comparison of the Allen/Uzawa and Morishima Elasticities)," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(4), pages 882-888, September.
    9. Battese, G E & Coelli, T J, 1995. "A Model for Technical Inefficiency Effects in a Stochastic Frontier Production Function for Panel Data," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 20(2), pages 325-332.
    10. Bauer, Paul W., 1990. "Recent developments in the econometric estimation of frontiers," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 46(1-2), pages 39-56.
    11. Meeusen, Wim & van den Broeck, Julien, 1977. "Efficiency Estimation from Cobb-Douglas Production Functions with Composed Error," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 18(2), pages 435-444, June.
    12. Aigner, Dennis & Lovell, C. A. Knox & Schmidt, Peter, 1977. "Formulation and estimation of stochastic frontier production function models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 6(1), pages 21-37, July.
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    Keywords

    frontières stochastiques; transport urbain; efficience; productivité; élasticité; fonction de production; translog;

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