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L'évolution du partenariat UE-ACP de Lomé à Cotonou : de l'exception à la normalisation

  • Thierry Montalieu

    ()

    (LEO - Laboratoire d'économie d'Orleans - CNRS : UMR6221 - Université d'Orléans)

  • Catherine Haguenau-Moizard

    ()

    (IDEA - Institut de droit économique et des affaires - Université d'Orléans)

Registered author(s):

    L'accord de Cotonou marque un tournant dans les relations entre l'Union européenne et les Etats ACP. Ces relations étaient caractérisées par la volonté des Etats européens d'aider les Etats ACP aussi bien par le moyen classique de l'aide au développement qu'en utilisant l'outil de la politique commerciale. Les vives contestations des exportateurs de bananes sud-américaines devaient conduire, après la condamnation de l'Union européenne par l'Organe de Règlement des Différends de l'OMC en 1997, à une remise en cause de la discrimination commerciale positive des pays ACP. Pour sa part, le débat sur l'aide au développement de l'UE s'inscrit dans la perspective d'une réforme de la conditionnalité de l'aide internationale aussi bien dans son contenu que dans sa mise en oeuvre. Sous cet aspect, l'UE pourrait également perdre en originalité et simplement devenir un des acteurs du nouveau consensus orchestré par les institutions de Bretton Woods (stratégies de lutte contre la pauvreté) et le système onusien (objectifs du millénaire).

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    Paper provided by HAL in its series Post-Print with number halshs-00007792.

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    Date of creation: 01 Dec 2004
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    Publication status: Published, Mondes en développement, 2004, 128
    Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00007792
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00007792/en/
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    1. Patrick GUILLAUMONT & Lisa CHAUVET, 1999. "Aid and Performance: A Reassessment," Working Papers 199910, CERDI.
    2. Andrew K. Rose, 2004. "Do We Really Know That the WTO Increases Trade?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 98-114, March.
    3. Collier, Paul & Guillaumont, Patrick & Guillaumont, Sylviane & Gunning, Jan Willem, 1997. "Redesigning conditionality," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(9), pages 1399-1407, September.
    4. Burnside, Craig & Dollar, David, 1997. "Aid, policies, and growth," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1777, The World Bank.
    5. Boone, Peter, 1996. "Politics and the effectiveness of foreign aid," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 40(2), pages 289-329, February.
    6. Przeworski, Adam & Vreeland, James Raymond, 2000. "The effect of IMF programs on economic growth," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 385-421, August.
    7. Bird, Graham, 2001. "IMF Programs: Do They Work? Can They be Made to Work Better?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(11), pages 1849-1865, November.
    8. Dani Rodrik, 1996. "Understanding Economic Policy Reform," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 34(1), pages 9-41, March.
    9. Dicks-Mireaux, Louis & Mecagni, Mauro & Schadler, Susan, 2000. "Evaluating the effect of IMF lending to low-income countries," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 61(2), pages 495-526, April.
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