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Unequal Opportunities and Ethnic Origin: The Labor Market Outcomes of Second-Generation Immigrants in France

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  • Arnaud Lefranc

    () (THEMA - Théorie économique, modélisation et applications - UCP - Université de Cergy Pontoise - Université Paris-Seine - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

This paper makes two contributions to the empirical analysis of the socioeconomic achievement of ethnic minorities. The first contribution is methodological. I rely on a discussion of the concept of equality of opportunity to analyze how the disadvantage suffered by ethnic minorities should be defined and empirically measured. The second contribution is empirical. I estimate the disadvantage suffered by second-generation immigrants, in the access to education, employment and earnings in France. Contrary to most papers in this area, I identify second-generation immigrants in a consistent way, using information of parental geographic and national origin. I also discuss the extent to which measured earnings differentials reflect ethnic discrimination or ethnic-blind social inequalities. * Université de Cergy-Pontoise, THEMA and Robert Schuman Center for Advanced Studies, European University Institute. Email: Arnaud.Lefranc@eui.eu. I thank Virginie Guiraudon and seminar participants at the EUI Migration working group, the INED-COMPAS workshop and the University of Evry conference on " Measuring discriminations " for useful suggestions.

Suggested Citation

  • Arnaud Lefranc, 2010. "Unequal Opportunities and Ethnic Origin: The Labor Market Outcomes of Second-Generation Immigrants in France," Post-Print hal-01648185, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01648185
    DOI: 10.1177/0002764210368100
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01648185
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Arnaud Lefranc & Nicolas Pistolesi & Alain Trannoy, 2006. "Equality of opportunity: Definitions and testable conditions, with an application to income in France," Working Papers 53, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    2. Corten, Rense & Dronkers, J., 2005. "School Achievement of Pupils From the Lower Strata in Public, Private Government-Dependent and Private Government-Independent Schools: A cross-national test of the Coleman-Hoffer thesis," MPRA Paper 21885, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Fenella Fleischmann & Jaap Dronkers, 2007. "The Effects of Social and Labour Market Policies of EU-countries on the Socio-Economic Integration of First and Second Generation Immigrants from Different Countries of Origin," RSCAS Working Papers 2007/19, European University Institute.
    4. repec:eee:labchp:v:2:y:1986:i:c:p:849-919 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Rachid Boumahdi & Jean-François Giret, 2005. "Une analyse économétrique des disparités d'accès à l'emploi et de rémunérations entre jeunes d'origine française et jeunes issus de l'immigration," Revue économique, Presses de Sciences-Po, vol. 56(3), pages 625-636.
    6. Arnaud Lefranc & Nicolas Pistolesi & Alain Trannoy, 2008. "Inequality Of Opportunities Vs. Inequality Of Outcomes: Are Western Societies All Alike?," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 54(4), pages 513-546, December.
    7. Neal, Derek A & Johnson, William R, 1996. "The Role of Premarket Factors in Black-White Wage Differences," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 104(5), pages 869-895, October.
    8. Black, Dan A, 1995. "Discrimination in an Equilibrium Search Model," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 13(2), pages 309-333, April.
    9. Fenella Fleischmann, 2007. "The Effects of Social and Labour Market Policies of EU-countries on the Socio-Economic Integration of First and Second Generation Immigrants from Different Countries of Origin," EUI-RSCAS Working Papers 19, European University Institute (EUI), Robert Schuman Centre of Advanced Studies (RSCAS).
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    Cited by:

    1. Arnaud Lefranc, 2018. "Intergenerational earnings persistence and economic inequality in the long-run : Evidence from French cohorts, 1931-1975," Post-Print hal-02528217, HAL.
    2. Arnaud Lefranc, 2018. "Intergenerational Earnings Persistence and Economic Inequality in the Long Run: Evidence from French Cohorts, 1931–75," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 85(340), pages 808-845, October.
    3. Lefranc, Arnaud, 2018. "Intergenerational Earnings Persistence and Economic Inequality in the Long-Run: Evidence from French Cohorts, 1931-1975," IZA Discussion Papers 11406, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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