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Child Fostering in Senegal

Author

Listed:
  • Philippe de Vreyer

    (LEDa - Laboratoire d'Economie de Dauphine - Université Paris Dauphine-PSL - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

  • Sylvie Lambert

    () (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

  • Karine Marazyan

    (CRI - Centre de Recherches de l'Iedes - UP1 - Université Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne)

  • Simon Beck

    (CREST-INSEE - Centre de Recherche en Economie et en Statistique - Institut national de la statistique et des études économiques (INSEE))

  • Abla Safir

    (LEA - Laboratoire d'Economie Appliquée - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique)

Abstract

This paper is about child fostering in Senegal, a practice widespread in Sub-Saharan Africa whereby children are temporarily sent to live with a host family. Using a rich household survey conducted in Senegal in 2006-7, the paper aims at describing the selection into fostering of both households and children and at examining the impact of fostering on the well-being of children(host, foster- and siblings left behind) measured through their school enrollment, labour and domestic work. Results suggest a wide heterogeneity among foster children, inducing differences in their well-being. The main sources of such heterogeneity come from the child's gender and his duration of stay in the host household. Whether the fostering has been formally arranged between parents also seems to matter. Results are reassuring regarding the well-being of fostered children relative to their host siblings, even if they might not fare as well as children not involved in fostering. On average, education and labour outcomes of foster children are not different from those of their host siblings. In particular, results do not support the idea that fostered girls might be overloaded with domestic tasks: they do not seem to spend more time at it than their host sisters.

Suggested Citation

  • Philippe de Vreyer & Sylvie Lambert & Karine Marazyan & Simon Beck & Abla Safir, 2015. "Child Fostering in Senegal," Post-Print hal-01386538, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:hal-01386538
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01386538
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Beck, Simon & De Vreyer, Philippe & Lambert, Sylvie & Marazyan, Karine & Safir, Abla, 2014. "Child Fostering in Senegal," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1403, CEPREMAP.
    2. Philippe Devreyer & Abla Safir & Momar B. Sylla & Sylvie Lambert, 2008. "Pauvreté et Structure Familiale: Pourquoi une nouvelle enquête ?," PSE-Ecole d'économie de Paris (Postprint) halshs-00824780, HAL.
    3. Richard Akresh, 2009. "Flexibility of Household Structure: Child Fostering Decisions in Burkina Faso," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 44(4).
    4. Karine Marazyan, 2015. "Resource Allocation in Extended Sibships: An Empirical Investigation for Senegal," Journal of African Economies, Centre for the Study of African Economies (CSAE), vol. 24(3), pages 416-452.
    5. Castle, Sarah E., 1995. "Child fostering and children's nutritional outcomes in rural Mali: The role of female status in directing child transfers," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 40(5), pages 679-693, March.
    6. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10922 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Cited by:

    1. Isabelle Chort & Philippe De Vreyer & Thomas Zuber, 2017. "Gendered internal migration patterns in Senegal," Working Papers DT/2017/02, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    2. Libois, François & Somville, Vincent, 2018. "Fertility, household size and poverty in Nepal," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 311-322.
    3. Sharley, Victoria & Leonard, Emmerentia & Ananias, Janetta & Ottaway, Heather, 2020. "Child fosterage in Namibia: The impact of informal care arrangements upon children’s health and welfare," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 118(C).
    4. De Vreyer, Philippe & Nilsson, Björn, 2019. "When solidarity fails: Heterogeneous effects on children from adult deaths in Senegalese households," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 114(C), pages 73-94.
    5. Beck, Simon & De Vreyer, Philippe & Lambert, Sylvie & Marazyan, Karine & Safir, Abla, 2014. "Child Fostering in Senegal," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1403, CEPREMAP.
    6. Lambert, Sylvie & Ravallion, Martin & van de Walle, Dominique, 2014. "Intergenerational mobility and interpersonal inequality in an African economy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 327-344.
    7. Juliette Crespin-Boucaud & Rozenn Hotte, 2021. "Parental divorces and children's educational outcomes in Senegal," Working Papers halshs-02652221, HAL.
    8. Sylvie Lambert & Philippe De Vreyer, 2017. "By ignoring intra-household inequality do we underestimate the extent of poverty?," Working Papers DT/2017/05, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    9. Milazzo, Annamaria, 2014. "Son preference, fertility and family structure : evidence from reproductive behavior among Nigerian women," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6869, The World Bank.
    10. Ariyo, Esther & Mortelmans, Dimitri & Wouters, Edwin, 2019. "The African child in kinship care: A systematic review," Children and Youth Services Review, Elsevier, vol. 98(C), pages 178-187.
    11. Sylvie Lambert & Martin Ravallion & Dominique van de Walle, 2011. "Is It What You Inherited Or What You Learnt?: Intergenerational linkage and interpersonal inequality in Senegal," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2011-062, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    12. Eric V. Edmonds & Maheshwor Shrestha, 2013. "Independent child labor migrants," Chapters, in: Amelie F. Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann (ed.), International Handbook on the Economics of Migration, chapter 5, pages 98-120, Edward Elgar Publishing.
    13. Lambert, Sylvie & van de Walle, Dominique, 2011. "Is It What You Inherited Or What You Learnt?," WIDER Working Paper Series 062, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    14. El Badaoui, Eliane & Mangiavacchi, Lucia, 2018. "Fostering, Child Welfare, and Ethnic Cultural Values," IZA Discussion Papers 11691, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    15. Juliette Crespin-Boucaud & Rozenn Hotte, 2021. "Parental divorces and children's educational outcomes in Senegal," PSE Working Papers halshs-02652221, HAL.

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