IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/tac/wpaper/2018-2019_1.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Enduring Gendered Mobility Patterns in Contemporary Senegal

Author

Listed:
  • Isabelle CHORT
  • Philippe DE VREYER
  • Thomas ZUBER

Abstract

This study explores internal migration patterns of men and women using individual panel data from a nationally representative survey collected in two waves, in 2006-2007 and 2010-2012, in Senegal. The data used are unique in that they contain the GPS coordinates of individuals' location in both waves. We are thus able to precisely calculate distances and map individual moves, avoiding limitations and constraints of migration definitions based on administrative units. Our results reveal major differences across gender. Women are found to be more likely to migrate than men. However, they move less far and are more likely to migrate to rural areas, especially when originating from rural areas. Education is found to increase the likelihood of migration to urban destinations, especially for women. An analysis of the motives for migrating confirms the existence of gendered migration patterns, as female mobility is mostly linked to marriage while labor mobility is frequently observed for men.

Suggested Citation

  • Isabelle CHORT & Philippe DE VREYER & Thomas ZUBER, 2018. "Enduring Gendered Mobility Patterns in Contemporary Senegal," Working Papers 2018-2019_1, CATT - UPPA - Université de Pau et des Pays de l'Adour, revised Oct 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2018-2019_1
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://gtl.univ-pau.fr/travaux/2346F_2018_2019_1docWCATT_Gendered_Mobility_Patterns_Senegal_IChort_PDeVreyer_TZuber.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Beck, Simon & De Vreyer, Philippe & Lambert, Sylvie & Marazyan, Karine & Safir, Abla, 2014. "Child Fostering in Senegal," CEPREMAP Working Papers (Docweb) 1403, CEPREMAP.
    2. Philippe de Vreyer & Sylvie Lambert & Abla Safir & Momar Sylla, 2008. "Pauvreté et Structure Familiale. Pourquoi une nouvelle enquête ?," Post-Print hal-01399214, HAL.
    3. Charles Ackah & Denis Medvedev, 2012. "Internal migration in Ghana: determinants and welfare impacts," International Journal of Social Economics, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 39(10), pages 764-784, August.
    4. Jenny Trinitapoli & Sara Yeatman & Jasmine Fledderjohann, 2014. "Sibling support and the educational prospects of young adults in Malawi," Demographic Research, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany, vol. 30(19), pages 547-578, February.
    5. de Brauw, Alan & Mueller, Valerie & Lee, Hak Lim, 2014. "The Role of Rural–Urban Migration in the Structural Transformation of Sub-Saharan Africa," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 33-42.
    6. Larry Long & C. Tucker & William Urton, 1988. "Migration distances: An international comparison," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 25(4), pages 633-640, November.
    7. Kudo, Yuya, 2015. "Female Migration for Marriage: Implications from the Land Reform in Rural Tanzania," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 65(C), pages 41-61.
    8. Chris Elbers & Jean O. Lanjouw & Peter Lanjouw, 2003. "Micro--Level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 355-364, January.
    9. Chort, Isabelle, 2014. "Mexican Migrants to the US: What Do Unrealized Migration Intentions Tell Us About Gender Inequalities?," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 535-552.
    10. Sophie Vause & Sorana Toma & Camille Richou, 2015. "Peut-on parler de féminisation des flux migratoires du Sénégal et de la République démocratique du Congo ?," Population (french edition), Institut National d'Études Démographiques (INED), vol. 70(1), pages 41-67.
    11. Jean-Noël Senne, 2014. "Death and schooling decisions over the short and long run in rural Madagascar," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 27(2), pages 497-528, April.
    12. Dustmann, Christian & Okatenko, Anna, 2014. "Out-migration, wealth constraints, and the quality of local amenities," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 52-63.
    13. Isabelle Chort & Jean-Noël Senne, 2015. "Selection into Migration within a Household Model: Evidence from Senegal," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 29(suppl_1), pages 247-256.
    14. Lambert, Sylvie & Ravallion, Martin & van de Walle, Dominique, 2014. "Intergenerational mobility and interpersonal inequality in an African economy," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 110(C), pages 327-344.
    15. Stark, Oded, 1984. "Rural-to-Urban Migration in LDCs: A Relative Deprivation Approach," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 32(3), pages 475-486, April.
    16. Stark, Oded & Bloom, David E, 1985. "The New Economics of Labor Migration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 173-178, May.
    17. Heckman, James, 2013. "Sample selection bias as a specification error," Applied Econometrics, Publishing House "SINERGIA PRESS", vol. 31(3), pages 129-137.
    18. Cris Beauchemin & Philippe Bocquier, 2004. "Migration and Urbanisation in Francophone West Africa: An Overview of the Recent Empirical Evidence," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 41(11), pages 2245-2272, October.
    19. William Clark & Youqin Huang, 2004. "Linking Migration and Mobility: Individual and Contextual Effects in Housing Markets in the UK," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(6), pages 617-628.
    20. repec:cai:popine:popu_1701_0063 is not listed on IDEAS
    21. Robert Lucas, 2016. "Internal Migration in Developing Economies: An Overview," Working Papers id:8818, eSocialSciences.
    22. Potts, Deborah, 2012. "Challenging the Myths of Urban Dynamics in Sub-Saharan Africa: The Evidence from Nigeria," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 40(7), pages 1382-1393.
    23. repec:hal:psewpa:halshs-00933975 is not listed on IDEAS
    24. Oded Stark & J. Taylor, 1989. "Relative deprivation and international migration oded stark," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 26(1), pages 1-14, February.
    25. Assaad, Ragui & Arntz, Melanie, 2005. "Constrained Geographical Mobility and Gendered Labor Market Outcomes Under Structural Adjustment: Evidence from Egypt," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 33(3), pages 431-454, March.
    26. Catalina Herrera & David Sahn, 2013. "Determinants of Internal Migration among Senegalese Youth," Working Papers halshs-00826995, HAL.
    27. M. Bell & M. Blake & P. Boyle & O. Duke-Williams & P. Rees & J. Stillwell & G. Hugo, 2002. "Cross-national comparison of internal migration: issues and measures," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 165(3), pages 435-464.
    28. Sylvie Lambert & Martin Ravallion & Dominique Van de Walle, 2014. "Intergenerational Mobility and Interpersonal Inequality in an African Economy," Working Papers halshs-00933975, HAL.
    29. repec:bla:presci:v:33:y:1974:i:1:p:99-123 is not listed on IDEAS
    30. repec:dau:papers:123456789/10922 is not listed on IDEAS
    31. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4536 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Internal Migration ; Gender Inequalities ; Rural-Urban Migration ; Senegal;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R23 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis - - - Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:tac:wpaper:2018-2019_1. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anne Perrin). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/capaufr.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.