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Pourquoi les distributeurs échouent ou réussissent à l'étranger ?


  • Cédric Durand

    () (CEPN - Centre d'Economie de l'Université Paris Nord (ancienne affiliation) - UP13 - Université Paris 13 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, CEMI - Centre d'étude des modes d'industrialisation - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)


This paper examine at the meso and macro level the institutional and economic elements determining success and failure of global retailers abroad trough the trajectories of Wal-Mart and Carrefour. Three kind of explanations are considered : the time and modalities of entry and development, the factors that create a market power position and the labor standards. The two retailers are note identically affected by those factors. That suggest that the process of hybridization between different varieties of capitalism and of productive models plays a crucial role as shaping international trajectories of retailers.

Suggested Citation

  • Cédric Durand, 2007. "Pourquoi les distributeurs échouent ou réussissent à l'étranger ?," CEPN Working Papers hal-00165653, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:cepnwp:hal-00165653
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Neil M. Coe & Neil Wrigley, 2007. "Host economy impacts of transnational retail: the research agenda," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(4), pages 341-371, July.
    2. Dussel Peters, Enrique, 1999. "La subcontratación como proceso de aprendizaje: el caso de la electrónica en Jalisco," Sede de la CEPAL en Santiago (Estudios e Investigaciones) 31374, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    3. Romer, Paul, 1993. "Idea gaps and object gaps in economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 543-573, December.
    4. Cédric Durand, 2005. "Los límites de la IED como fuente de ideas para el crecimiento de las economías en desarrollo," Post-Print hal-00166840, HAL.
    5. Silvia Sacchetti & Roger Sugden, 2003. "The Governance of Networks and Economic Power: The Nature and Impact of Subcontracting Relationships," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 17(5), pages 669-692, December.
    6. Thomas Reardon & Spencer Henson & Julio Berdegué, 2007. "'Proactive fast-tracking' diffusion of supermarkets in developing countries: implications for market institutions and trade," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(4), pages 399-431, July.
    7. Vera-Cruz, Alexandre Oliveira & Dutrénit, Gabriela, 2004. "La IED y las capacidades de innovación y desarrollo locales: lecciones del estudio de los casos de la maquila automotriz y electrónica en ciudad de Juárez," Sede Subregional de la CEPAL en México (Estudios e Investigaciones) 25668, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).
    8. Palmer, Mark, 2005. "Crossing Threshold Periods in the Retail Life Cycle:: Insights from Wal-Mart International," European Management Journal, Elsevier, vol. 23(6), pages 717-729, December.
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