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Markup Heterogeneity, Export Status and the Establishment of the Euro

Author

Listed:
  • Sarah Guillou

    (OFCE Sciences Po.
    SKEMA Business School
    GREDEG CNRS)

  • Lionel Nesta

    (OFCE Sciences Po.
    SKEMA Business School
    GREDEG CNRS)

Abstract

We investigate the effects of the establishment of the euro on the markups of French manufacturing firms. Merging firm-level census data with customs data, we estimate time-varying firm-specific markups and distinguish between eurozone exporters from other firms between 1995 and 2007. We find that the establishment of the euro has had a pronounced pro-competitive impact by reducing firm markups by 14 percentage points. By reducing export costs, the euro represented an opportunity for eurozone exporters to increase their margins relative to other firms. Quantile regressions show that the euro has led to a reduction in the variance of markups.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Guillou & Lionel Nesta, 2015. "Markup Heterogeneity, Export Status and the Establishment of the Euro," GREDEG Working Papers 2015-04, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), University of Nice Sophia Antipolis.
  • Handle: RePEc:gre:wpaper:2015-04
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    File URL: http://www.gredeg.cnrs.fr/working-papers/GREDEG-WP-2015-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Klette, Tor Jakob, 1999. "Market Power, Scale Economies and Productivity: Estimates from a Panel of Establishment Data," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(4), pages 451-476, December.
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    3. Roeger, Werner, 1995. "Can Imperfect Competition Explain the Difference between Primal and Dual Productivity Measures? Estimates for U.S. Manufacturing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(2), pages 316-330, April.
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    5. Flora Bellone & Patrick Musso & Lionel Nesta & Frederic Warzynski, 2016. "International trade and firm-level markups when location and quality matter," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 67-91.
    6. Maurice J. G. Bun & Franc J. G. M. Klaassen, 2007. "The Euro Effect on Trade is not as Large as Commonly Thought," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 69(4), pages 473-496, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Markups; Heterogeneity; Euro; Competition; Export Destinations;

    JEL classification:

    • C5 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling
    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • F61 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Microeconomic Impacts
    • L16 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Industrial Organization and Macroeconomics; Macroeconomic Industrial Structure
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General

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