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The importance of time in referee home bias due to social pressure. Evidence from Spanish football

Author

Listed:
  • Andrés J. Picazo-Tadeo

    () (Universidad de Valencia)

  • Francisco González-Gómez

    () (Universidad de Granada. Department of Applied Economics)

  • Jorge Guardiola

    (Universidad de Granada. Department of Applied Economics)

Abstract

This paper analyses referee home bias due to social pressure with data from the matches played in the First Division of the Spanish football league between the 2002/03 and 2009/10 seasons. Finally, our main conclusion is that the time the referee has to make a decision does affect the final outcome; while there is no referee home bias when a free kick is awarded, in the case of booking players, when the referee has more time to make a decision, social pressure can influence the final outcome in favour of the home team.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrés J. Picazo-Tadeo & Francisco González-Gómez & Jorge Guardiola, 2011. "The importance of time in referee home bias due to social pressure. Evidence from Spanish football," FEG Working Paper Series 03/11, Faculty of Economics and Business (University of Granada).
  • Handle: RePEc:gra:fegper:03/11
    as

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    File URL: http://www.ugr.es/~teoriahe/RePEc/gra/fegper/FEGWP311.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    5. Vincenzo Scoppa, 2008. "Are subjective evaluations biased by social factors or connections? An econometric analysis of soccer referee decisions," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 35(1), pages 123-140, August.
    6. Babatunde Buraimo & David Forrest & Robert Simmons, 2010. "The 12th man?: refereeing bias in English and German soccer," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 173(2), pages 431-449, April.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Social pressure; crowd effect; referee home bias; sports economics.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism

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