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Monetary Policy, Investor Flows, and Loan Fund Fragility



We find robust evidence indicating a pro-cyclical relationship between monetary policy shocks and loan fund flows. This relationship, however, is asymmetric: weaker for policy rate increases and stronger for policy rate decreases. Further, the effect of monetary policy shocks is stronger when short-term rates are higher. Finally, we document that large outflows from loan funds are associated with a decline in prices in the leveraged loan market. Our results identify a novel channel of monetary policy transmission that not only affects a critical segment of the credit sector, but also has the potential to impact financial stability.

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  • Nicola Cetorelli & Gabriele La Spada & João A. C. Santos, 2022. "Monetary Policy, Investor Flows, and Loan Fund Fragility," Staff Reports 1008, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fednsr:93796
    Note: Revised October 2023. Previous title: “Monetary Policy and the Run Risk of Loan Funds"

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. La Spada, Gabriele, 2018. "Competition, reach for yield, and money market funds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 129(1), pages 87-110.
    2. Jeremy C. Stein, 2012. "Monetary Policy as Financial Stability Regulation," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 127(1), pages 57-95.
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    9. Kim, Sooji & Plosser, Matthew C. & Santos, João A.C., 2018. "Macroprudential policy and the revolving door of risk: Lessons from leveraged lending guidance," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 34(C), pages 17-31.
    10. Swanson, Eric T., 2021. "Measuring the effects of federal reserve forward guidance and asset purchases on financial markets," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 32-53.
    11. Massoud, Nadia & Nandy, Debarshi & Saunders, Anthony & Song, Keke, 2011. "Do hedge funds trade on private information? Evidence from syndicated lending and short-selling," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(3), pages 477-499, March.
    12. Goldstein, Itay & Jiang, Hao & Ng, David T., 2017. "Investor flows and fragility in corporate bond funds," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 126(3), pages 592-613.
    13. Chen, Qi & Goldstein, Itay & Jiang, Wei, 2010. "Payoff complementarities and financial fragility: Evidence from mutual fund outflows," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(2), pages 239-262, August.
    14. Marcin Kacperczyk & Philipp Schnabl, 2013. "How Safe Are Money Market Funds?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, President and Fellows of Harvard College, vol. 128(3), pages 1073-1122.
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    Cited by:

    1. Antoine Baena & Thomas Garcia, 2023. "Swing Pricing et dynamique des flux au regard de la crise Covid-19," Working papers 914, Banque de France.

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    More about this item


    mutual funds; monetary policy; leverage lending;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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