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What does the Federal Reserve’s economic value model tell us about interest rate risk at U.S. community banks?

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Listed:
  • Gregory E. Sierra
  • Timothy J. Yeager

Abstract

The savings and loan crisis of the 1980s revealed the vulnerability of some depository institutions to changes in interest rates. Since that episode, U.S. bank supervisors have placed more emphasis on monitoring the interest rate risk of commercial banks. One outcome developed by economists at the Federal Reserve Board of Governors was a duration-based Economic Value Model (EVM) designed to estimate the interest rate sensitivity of banks. ; We test whether measures derived from the Fed’s EVM are correlated with the interest rate sensitivity of U.S. community banks. The answer to this question is important because bank supervisors rely on EVM measures for monitoring and scoping bank-level interest rate sensitivity. ; We find that the Federal Reserve’s EVM is indeed correlated with banks’ interest rate sensitivity and conclude that supervisors can rely on this tool to help assess a bank’s interest rate risk. Our results are consistent with prior research that finds the average interest rate risk at banks to be modest, though we do not consider the potential interaction between interest rate risk and other risk factors.

Suggested Citation

  • Gregory E. Sierra & Timothy J. Yeager, 2003. "What does the Federal Reserve’s economic value model tell us about interest rate risk at U.S. community banks?," Supervisory Policy Analysis Working Papers 2003-01, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedlsp:2003-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. James Gilkeson & Sylvia Hudgins & Craig Ruff, 1997. "Testing the effectiveness of regulatory interest rate risk measurement," Journal of Economics and Finance, Springer;Academy of Economics and Finance, vol. 21(2), pages 27-37, June.
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    5. Flannery, Mark J, 1983. "Interest Rates and Bank Profitability: Additional Evidence," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 15(3), pages 355-362, August.
    6. David M. Wright & James V. Houpt, 1996. "An analysis of commercial bank exposure to interest rate risk," Federal Reserve Bulletin, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), issue Feb, pages 115-128.
    7. Saunders, Anthony & Yourougou, Pierre, 1990. "Are banks special? The separation of banking from commerce and interest rate risk," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 171-182, May.
    8. Aharony, Joseph & Saunders, Anthony & Swary, Ithzak, 1986. "The effects of a shift in monetary policy regime on the profitability and risk of commercial banks," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 17(3), pages 363-377, May.
    9. Lumpkin, Stephen A. & O'Brien, James M., 1997. "Thrift stock returns and portfolio interest rate sensitivity," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(2), pages 341-357, July.
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