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The Volcker Rule and Market-Making in Times of Stress

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Abstract

Focusing on downgrades as stress events that drive the selling of corporate bonds, we document that the illiquidity of stressed bonds has increased after the Volcker Rule. Dealers regulated by the Rule have decreased their market-making activities while non-Volcker-affected dealers have stepped in to provide some additional liquidity. Furthermore, even Volcker-affected dealers that are not constrained by Basel III and CCAR regulations change their behavior, inconsistent with the effects being driven by these other regulations. Since Volcker-affected dealers have been the main liquidity providers, the net effect is that bonds are less liquid during times of stress due to the Volcker Rule.

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  • Jack Bao & Maureen O'Hara & Xing Zhou, 2016. "The Volcker Rule and Market-Making in Times of Stress," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2016-102, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedgfe:2016-102
    DOI: 10.17016/FEDS.2016.102
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    Cited by:

    1. Adrian, Tobias & Boyarchenko, Nina & Shachar, Or, 2017. "Dealer balance sheets and bond liquidity provision," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 92-109.
    2. Albert J Menkveld, 2017. "Crowded Positions: An Overlooked Systemic Risk for Central Clearing Parties," Review of Asset Pricing Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 7(2), pages 209-242.
    3. Bicu-Lieb, Andreea & Chen, Louisa & Elliott, David, 2020. "The leverage ratio and liquidity in the gilt and gilt repo markets," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 48(C).
    4. Marco Macchiavelli & Luke Pettit, 2018. "Liquidity Regulation and Financial Intermediaries," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2018-084, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    5. Jeffrey Gao & Jianjian Jin & Jacob Thompson, 2018. "The Impact of Government Debt Supply on Bond Market Liquidity: An Empirical Analysis of the Canadian Market," Staff Working Papers 18-35, Bank of Canada.
    6. Cai, Fang & Han, Song & Li, Dan & Li, Yi, 2019. "Institutional herding and its price impact: Evidence from the corporate bond market," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 131(1), pages 139-167.
    7. Michele Manna & Stefano Nobili, 2018. "Banks' holdings of and trading in government bonds," Temi di discussione (Economic working papers) 1166, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
    8. Nina Boyarchenko & Thomas M. Eisenbach & Pooja Gupta & Or Shachar & Peter Van Tassel, 2018. "Bank-Intermediated Arbitrage," Liberty Street Economics 20181018, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.
    9. Stanley Fischer, 2016. "Is There a Liquidity Problem Post-Crisis? : a speech at \"Do We Have a Liquidity Problem Post-Crisis?\", a conference sponsored by the Initiative on Business and Public Policy at the Brookin," Speech 921, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    10. Matthew L. Kozora & Bruce Mizrach & Matthew Peppe & Or Shachar & Jonathan S. Sokobin, 2020. "Alternative Trading Systems in the Corporate Bond Market," Staff Reports 938, Federal Reserve Bank of New York.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Volcker Rule; Corporate Bond Illiquidity; Regulation; Capital Commitment; Dealer Inventory; Market-Making; Financial Crisis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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