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Impactos de Bem-estar da Privatização de Infra-estrutura

  • Pereira, Ricardo Antonio de Castro
  • Ferreira, Pedro Cavalcanti

Neste artigo é usado um modelo de equilÌbrio geral para investigar os impactos sobre as alocações de longo prazo e os custos de bem estar proporcionados por uma polÌtica de privatização da infra-estrutura pública. A economia que se está modelando é composta de dois tipos de capital, um inerentemente privado e um outro com caracterÌsticas de bens públicos (denominado infra-estrutura), o qual é ofertado tanto pelo setor público quanto privado. Admitindo-se que este segundo tipo de capital gera efeitos externos positivos, a oferta pública de infra-estrutura, em geral, melhora a alocação descentralizada desta economia. Porém, supondo que os impostos que financiam esta oferta distorcem as decisões dos agentes, deprimindo o nível de bem estar, a privatização da infra-estrutura pública pode ser uma política satisfatória do ponto de vista social. As simulações indicam que, os custos ou benefícios desta política dependem, fortemente, de duas características da infraestrutura privada, anteriores à privatização: a sua qualidade e quantidade. E, que, além disso, a possibilidade de regulação da qualidade do estoque privado de infra-estrutura, após a privatização, pode fazer com que o benefício social da privatização seja bastante significativo.

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Paper provided by FGV/EPGE Escola Brasileira de Economia e Finanças, Getulio Vargas Foundation (Brazil) in its series Economics Working Papers (Ensaios Economicos da EPGE) with number 633.

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Date of creation: 01 Dec 2006
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Handle: RePEc:fgv:epgewp:633
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  1. William Easterly & Sergio Rebelo, 1993. "Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation," NBER Working Papers 4499, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Charles R. Hulten, 1996. "Infrastructure Capital and Economic Growth: How Well You Use It May Be More Important Than How Much You Have," NBER Working Papers 5847, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  7. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-70, November.
  8. King, R.G. & Baxter, M., 1990. "Fiscal Policy In General Equilibrium," RCER Working Papers 244, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER).
  9. Kevin T. Duffy-Deno & Randall W. Eberts, 1989. "Public infrastructure and regional economic development: a simultaneous equations approach," Working Paper 8909, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland.
  10. Jeffry M. Netter & William L. Megginson, 2001. "From State to Market: A Survey of Empirical Studies on Privatization," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 39(2), pages 321-389, June.
  11. Douglas Holtz-Eakin, 1992. "Public-Sector Capital and the Productivity Puzzle," NBER Working Papers 4122, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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