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Libéralisation et dépôts de brevets verts des utilités électriques en Europe

Les réformes qui ont conduit à la libéralisation des marchés de l’énergie ont considérablement influencé le comportement d’innovation des utilités électriques dans certains pays. Aux Etats-Unis, elles ont provoqué une diminution de l’investissement en R&D environnementale de ces entreprises, mais aussi des dépôts de brevets des équipementiers. En ce qui concerne l’Europe, l’existence d’une influence ou pas de ces réformes sur les dépôts de brevets verts n’a pas été clairement démontrée. L’objet de cet article est précisément de répondre à cette question à partir d’un échantillon des principales utilités électriques ayant déposé leurs brevets à l’Office Européen des Brevets sur la période 1980-2005.

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Paper provided by Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE) in its series Documents de Travail de l'OFCE with number 2010-21.

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Date of creation: Oct 2010
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Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1021
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