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Le modèle d’équilibre général de la « nouvelle synthèse » : quelles hypothèses retenir ?

  • Jean-Guillaume Sahuc

    ()

    (Banque de France)

  • Stéphane Moyen

    ()

    (EPEE, Université d’Evry)

L’objet de cet article est double. D’une part, il présente le modèle d’équilibre général de la “Nouvelle Synthèse” qui est devenu en peu de temps une véritable référence pour l’analyse macroéconomique (simulations de politiques économiques, prévisions d’inflation, etc.). D’autre part, il cherche à identifier, à l’aide du critère de vraisemblance marginale et de l’inspection des moments d’ordre deux, la contribution des différentes rigidités (nominales et réelles) aux bonnes performances de ce type de modèle. Les principaux résultats sont les suivants : (i) la combinaison prix rigides et indexés - salaires rigides est indispensable à la qualité de l’ajustement du modèle aux données, (ii) seules les hypothèses de formation d’habitude sur la consommation et de coûts d’ajustement sur l’investissement sont nécessaires, cette dernière étant cruciale pour la reproduction des dynamiques aussi bien réelles que nominales, (iii) l’introduction d’une complémentarité stratégique permet de retrouver un degré de rigidités nominales plus proche de celui observé sur données microéconomiques.

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File URL: http://epee.univ-evry.fr/RePEc/2007/07-06.pdf
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Paper provided by Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne in its series Documents de recherche with number 07-06.

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Length: 31 pages
Date of creation: 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:eve:wpaper:07-06
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  1. Dotsey, Michael & King, Robert G., 2005. "Implications of state-dependent pricing for dynamic macroeconomic models," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(1), pages 213-242, January.
  2. Erceg, Christopher J. & Henderson, Dale W. & Levin, Andrew T., 2000. "Optimal monetary policy with staggered wage and price contracts," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 46(2), pages 281-313, October.
  3. Kydland, Finn E & Prescott, Edward C, 1982. "Time to Build and Aggregate Fluctuations," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 50(6), pages 1345-70, November.
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  5. Julio Rotemberg & Michael Woodford, 1997. "An Optimization-Based Econometric Framework for the Evaluation of Monetary Policy," NBER Chapters, in: NBER Macroeconomics Annual 1997, Volume 12, pages 297-361 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  8. Fagan, Gabriel & Henry, Jerome & Mestre, Ricardo, 2005. "An area-wide model for the euro area," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 39-59, January.
  9. Miles S. Kimball & Michael Woodford, 1994. "The quantitative analysis of the basic neomonetarist model," Proceedings, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, pages 1241-1289.
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  11. Marvin Goodfriend & Robert G. King, 1998. "The new neoclassical synthesis and the role of monetary policy," Working Paper 98-05, Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond.
  12. Mark Bils & Peter J. Klenow, 2004. "Some Evidence on the Importance of Sticky Prices," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 112(5), pages 947-985, October.
  13. Taylor, John B, 1980. "Aggregate Dynamics and Staggered Contracts," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 88(1), pages 1-23, February.
  14. Kevin Elie Beaubrun-Diant & Julien Matheron, 2006. "Rentabilité d'actifs et fluctuations économiques : une perspective d'équilibre général dynamique et stochastique," EconomiX Working Papers 2006-16, University of Paris West - Nanterre la Défense, EconomiX.
  15. Calvo, Guillermo A., 1983. "Staggered prices in a utility-maximizing framework," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 383-398, September.
  16. Emmanuel Dhyne & Luis J. Alvarez & Herve Le Bihan & Giovanni Veronese & Daniel Dias & Johannes Hoffmann & Nicole Jonker & Patrick Lunnemann & Fabio Rumler & Jouko Vilmunen, 2006. "Price Changes in the Euro Area and the United States: Some Facts from Individual Consumer Price Data," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 20(2), pages 171-192, Spring.
  17. Lucas, Robert Jr, 1976. "Econometric policy evaluation: A critique," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 19-46, January.
  18. Rabanal, Pau & Rubio-Ramirez, Juan F., 2005. "Comparing New Keynesian models of the business cycle: A Bayesian approach," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 52(6), pages 1151-1166, September.
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