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Inequality and Structural Reforms: Methodological Concerns and Lessons from Policy

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  • Caterina Astarita
  • Gaetano D'Adamo

Abstract

Income inequality became more and more prominent in the academic and policy debate in recent years and particularly since the economic downturn. Inequality, indeed, may have long-term effects on (potential) growth and macroeconomic stability, reinforcing existing inequalities and reducing opportunities, skills development and social and occupational mobility. Structural reforms, i.e. labour and product market reforms and tax-benefit systems reforms, are one of the main tools available for public interventions aimed at boosting growth while not being detrimental to equality. In this context, DG ECFIN of the European Commission organised two workshops held on the 16th of May and the 19th of June 2017 aimed at enriching the existing knowledge of the relationship between structural reforms and inequality and taking place at a time where Europe discusses the social dimension, notably the European Pillar of Social Rights as proposed by the Commission and proclaimed at the Social Summit in Gothenburg. The first workshop focused on the methodological issues whilst the second one focused on policy evidence of the impact of structural reforms on inequality. These proceedings take stock of the discussions held in the workshops, in order to contribute to the growing debate on how to better take into account distributional effects when formulating policy advice.

Suggested Citation

  • Caterina Astarita & Gaetano D'Adamo, 2017. "Inequality and Structural Reforms: Methodological Concerns and Lessons from Policy," European Economy - Discussion Papers 2015 - 071, Directorate General Economic and Financial Affairs (DG ECFIN), European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:euf:dispap:071
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Salvador Barrios & Francesco Figari & Luca Gandullia & Sara Riscado, 2016. "The fiscal and equity impact of tax expenditures in the European Union," JRC Working Papers on Taxation & Structural Reforms 2016-01, Joint Research Centre (Seville site).
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    6. Olivier Bargain & Kristian Orsini & Andreas Peichl, 2012. "Comparing Labor Supply Elasticities in Europe and the US: New Results," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 525, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
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    Cited by:

    1. Maurizio Iacopetta & Raoul Minetti, 2019. "Asset Dynamics, Liquidity, And Inequality In Decentralized Markets," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 57(1), pages 537-551, January.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C2 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables
    • C3 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D1 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior
    • D2 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations
    • D3 - Microeconomics - - Distribution
    • D4 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design
    • E6 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H3 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents

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