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An Estimation of Service Sectors Restrictiveness in The MENA Region

Listed author(s):
  • Novella Bottini

    ()

    (Cattaneo University –LIUC)

  • Mohamed Ali Marouani

This paper aims at assessing barriers to service provision in the banking, telecom (fixed and mobile), insurance and transport (air and maritime) sectors of four MENA countries, by including both trade and domestic restrictions. The qualitative information gathered is the basis of the computation of sectoral aggregate and modal trade restrictiveness indexes (TRIs). These TRIs, already computed in the previous chapter, are used as regressors of firms’ economic performance indicators to capture the economic impact of restrictions. The estimated coefficients of the TRIs are then used to compute the aggregate and modal tax equivalents of service restrictions by sector. The results show that service restrictions have an impact on economic performance in the three studied sectors. While a rent-creating effect seems to dominate restrictions on banking and fixed telecom sectors, a cost-inefficiency effect seems to dominate the mobile telecom sector. Moreover, interactions between modal restrictions seem to be taking place, especially in the telecom sectors. Finally, higher levels of tax equivalents in the insurance and transport sectors characterize MENA countries in comparison to OECD countries.

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Paper provided by Economic Research Forum in its series Working Papers with number 489.

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Length: 40 pages
Date of creation: May 2009
Date of revision: May 2009
Publication status: Published by The Economic Research Forum (ERF)
Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:489
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  1. Betancourt, Roger R & Gautschi, David A, 1993. "The Outputs of Retail Activities: Concepts, Measurement and Evidence from U.S. Census Data," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 75(2), pages 294-301, May.
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  3. Mohamed Ali Marouani & Laura Munro, 2009. "Assessing Barriers to Trade in Services in The MENA Region," Working Papers 496, Economic Research Forum, revised Jul 2009.
  4. Philip TURNER, 2007. "Are Banking Systems in East Asia Stronger?," Asian Economic Policy Review, Japan Center for Economic Research, vol. 2(1), pages 75-95.
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  8. Konan, Denise Eby & Maskus, Keith E., 2006. "Quantifying the impact of services liberalization in a developing country," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 81(1), pages 142-162, October.
  9. Moulton, Brent R., 1986. "Random group effects and the precision of regression estimates," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 32(3), pages 385-397, August.
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