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Targeting the Poor Beyond Gaza or the West Bank: The Geography of Poverty in the Palestinian Territories

Author

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  • Claus Astrup

    () (World Bank)

  • Sébastien Dessus

Abstract

In this paper we construct a detailed poverty map of the West Bank and Gaza by estimating the incidence of poverty in 132 distinct localities. We derive the estimates by combining econometric analysis of the Palestinian Households Survey with information contained in the Palestinian Census from 1997. Our results suggest that the incidence of poverty differs greatly across localities. This indicates that it may be efficient to base targeting of the poor on the geography of poverty in the West Bank and Gaza. We show that geographic targeting compares favorably, in terms of low leakage rates, to targeting mechanisms based on observable characteristics of potential beneficiaries. We also illustrate that targeting efficiency may be further improved by combing the two types of targeting mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

  • Claus Astrup & Sébastien Dessus, 2001. "Targeting the Poor Beyond Gaza or the West Bank: The Geography of Poverty in the Palestinian Territories," Working Papers 0120, Economic Research Forum, revised 07 Dec 2001.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:0120
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Minot, Nicholas, 2000. "Generating Disaggregated Poverty Maps: An Application to Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 319-331, February.
    2. Chris Elbers & Jean O. Lanjouw & Peter Lanjouw, 2003. "Micro--Level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 355-364, January.
    3. Norbert R. Schady, 2002. "Picking the Poor: Indicators for Geographic Targeting in Peru," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 417-433, September.
    4. Besley, Timothy & Coate, Stephen, 1992. "Workfare versus Welfare Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty-Alleviation Programs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 249-261, March.
    5. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2000. "Tropical Underdevelopment," CID Working Papers 57, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    6. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1997. "Poor areas, or only poor people?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1798, The World Bank.
    7. Wodon, Quentin T., 1997. "Targeting the poor using ROC curves," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2083-2092, December.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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