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Targeting The Poor Beyond Gaza Or The West Bank: The Geography Of Poverty In The Palestinian Territories

Author

Listed:
  • Claus ASTRUP

    (World Bank)

  • Sébastien DESSUS

    (World Bank)

Abstract

Despite its very limited size, the West Bank and Gaza is characterized by a remarkable diverse topography, climate and vegetation. In addition, as a result of the political situation in the region, there are considerable impediment to the movements of goods and people. Consequently, significant spatial differences in living standard may be expected. In this paper, we construct a detailed poverty map of the West Bank and Gaza, by estimating the incidence of poverty in 132 distinct localities. We derive the estimates by combining econometric analysis of the Palestinian Households Budget Survey with information contained in the Palestinian Census from 1997. Our results suggest that the incidence of poverty indeed differs greatly across localities. This indicates that it may be efficient to base targeting of the poor on the geography of poverty in the West Bank and Gaza. Specifically, we show that geographic targeting compares favorably, in terms of low leakage rates, to targeting mechanisms based on observable characteristics of potential beneficiaries. We also illustrate that targeting efficiency may be further improved by combing the two types of targeting mechanisms.

Suggested Citation

  • Claus ASTRUP & Sébastien DESSUS, 2005. "Targeting The Poor Beyond Gaza Or The West Bank: The Geography Of Poverty In The Palestinian Territories," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 21, pages 173-197.
  • Handle: RePEc:tou:journl:v:21:y:2005:p:173-197
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Minot, Nicholas, 2000. "Generating Disaggregated Poverty Maps: An Application to Vietnam," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 28(2), pages 319-331, February.
    2. Chris Elbers & Jean O. Lanjouw & Peter Lanjouw, 2003. "Micro--Level Estimation of Poverty and Inequality," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(1), pages 355-364, January.
    3. Besley, Timothy & Coate, Stephen, 1992. "Workfare versus Welfare Incentive Arguments for Work Requirements in Poverty-Alleviation Programs," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 249-261, March.
    4. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 2000. "Tropical Underdevelopment," CID Working Papers 57, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
    5. Wodon, Quentin T., 1997. "Targeting the poor using ROC curves," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 25(12), pages 2083-2092, December.
    6. Ravallion, Martin & Wodon, Quentin, 1997. "Poor areas, or only poor people?," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1798, The World Bank.
    7. Schady, Norbert R, 2002. "Picking the Poor: Indicators for Geographic Targeting in Peru," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(3), pages 417-433, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    PALESTINIAN TERRITORIES; POVERTY; PALESTINIAN HOUSEHOLD SURVEY;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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