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AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation


  • Ponciano INTAL Jr

    (Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia, Indonesia)


As the intra-ASEAN tariffs are virtually eliminated, it is the non-tariff measures and trade costs associated with moving goods and services across border that hinder intra-ASEAN trade. This paper focuses on reviewing the state of trade facilitation initiatives in ASEAN, especially on customs modernization, National Single Window, and National Trade Repository. The study uses questionnaires and interviews with the government officials of eight ASEAN Member States (Malaysia and Singapore are excluded). The questionnaires are similar to the ones for the ERIA Mid-Term Review Study 2011, thus, allowing for monitoring of progress across period. The result shows there has been significant progress in trade facilitation in the region in recent years. Nonetheless, there remains a huge gap between the front runners and the tail-enders. The main challenges include inadequacy of funds, availability of technical talent, long process of development of the technical infrastructure of the system, and coordination issues among agencies. For initiatives post-2015, the paper recommends amplification of the WTO Trade Facilitation Agreement at the regional level. The paper also notes that political will, human capital, and persistence are the key determinants for the success of trade facilitation initiatives in the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Ponciano INTAL Jr, 2015. "AEC Blueprint Implementation Performance and Challenges: Trade Facilitation," Working Papers DP-2015-41, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
  • Handle: RePEc:era:wpaper:dp-2015-41

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Okabe, Misa & Urata, Shujiro, 2014. "The impact of AFTA on intra-AFTA trade," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 12-31.
    2. Itakura, Ken, 2014. "Impact of liberalization and improved connectivity and facilitation in ASEAN," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 35(C), pages 2-11.
    3. Evdokia Moïsé, 2013. "The Costs and Challenges of Implementing Trade Facilitation Measures," OECD Trade Policy Papers 157, OECD Publishing.
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    Cited by:

    1. Samuel D. Scoles, 2016. "Harmonization of Standards and Mutual Recognition Agreements on Conformity Assessment in Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and Viet Nam," Books, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA), number 2015-rpr-15 edited by Samuel D. Scoles, Winter.
    2. Robin SAKAMOTO, 2015. "Investing in Higher Education, and Its Potential Impact on Research and Development for Technological Upgrading, Innovation, and Competitiveness," Working Papers DP-2015-52, Economic Research Institute for ASEAN and East Asia (ERIA).
    3. Dutta, Dilip & Hirawan, Fajar, 2017. "The Role of Indonesia-ASEAN Trade in Achieving Food Security in Indonesia," Working Papers 2017-13, University of Sydney, School of Economics.

    More about this item


    ASEAN Economic Community; trade facilitation; custom modernization; national single window; trade repository.;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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