The IMF’s Stand-by Arrangements and the Economic Downturn in Eastern Europe: The Cases of Hungary, Latvia, and Ukraine
This paper looks at three countries that have been hard-hit by the world economic recession, and have turned to the IMF for assistance: Hungary, Latvia, and Ukraine. In all of these countries, it would appear that there were more sensible responses to the crisis that would reduce the loss of employment and output, cuts in social services, and political instability that have resulted from the downturn. Instead, the governments’ responses to the downturn as well as IMF conditions for assistance have caused additional harm.
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- Jose Antonio Cordero, 2009. "Costa Rica During the Global Recession: Fiscal Stimulus with Tight Monetary Policy," CEPR Reports and Issue Briefs 2009-23, Center for Economic and Policy Research (CEPR).
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