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Exchange Rates, Monetary Policy Regimes, and Beliefs

  • Keith Sill

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia)

  • Jeff Wrase

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia)

This paper investigates an international monetary business-cycle model in which agents face monetary policy processes that incorporate regime shifts. In any period, agents cannot directly observe the policy regime, but, instead, form beliefs that are updated through Bayesian learning. Monetary policy processes for the U.S. and an aggregate of OECD countries are estimated using Hamilton's maximum likelihood, Markov-switching procedure. The dynamic, general equilibrium open-economy model that we construct is solved by numerical approximation and parameterized using, in part, estimates of the policy processes which allow for calibration of the belief process employed by agents in the model. Quantiative properties of data drawn from simulations of the model are compared with properties of data drawn from actual economies on exchange rates and key macroeconomic variables.

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Paper provided by Econometric Society in its series Econometric Society World Congress 2000 Contributed Papers with number 1701.

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Date of creation: 01 Aug 2000
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Handle: RePEc:ecm:wc2000:1701
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  1. Betts, Caroline & Devereux, Michael B., 2000. "Exchange rate dynamics in a model of pricing-to-market," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 215-244, February.
  2. V. V. Chari & Patrick J. Kehoe & Ellen R. McGrattan, 1996. "Sticky Price Models of the Business Cycle: Can the Contract Multiplier Solve the Persistence Problem?," NBER Working Papers 5809, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  3. Maurice Obstfeld and Kenneth Rogoff., 1995. "Exchange Rate Dynamics Redux," Center for International and Development Economics Research (CIDER) Working Papers C95-048, University of California at Berkeley.
  4. Obstfeld, M., 1998. "Risk and Exchange Rate," Papers 193, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
  5. David Andolfatto & Paul Gomme, 1997. "Monetary Policy Regimes and Beliefs," Cahiers de recherche CREFE / CREFE Working Papers 48, CREFE, Université du Québec à Montréal, revised Apr 2001.
  6. Lawrence J. Christiano, 1990. "Computational algorithms for solving variants of Fuerst's model," Working Papers 467, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  7. Don E. Schlagenhauf & Jeffrey M. Wrase, 1992. "Liquidity and real activity in a simple open economy model," Discussion Paper / Institute for Empirical Macroeconomics 57, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
  8. Martin Eichenbaum & Charles L. Evans, 1993. "Some Empirical Evidence on the Effects of Monetary Policy Shocks on Exchange Rates," NBER Working Papers 4271, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. Hamilton, James D, 1989. "A New Approach to the Economic Analysis of Nonstationary Time Series and the Business Cycle," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 57(2), pages 357-84, March.
  10. Schlagenhauf, Don E. & Wrase, Jeffrey M., 1995. "Exchange rate dynamics and international effects of monetary shocks in monetary, equilibrium models," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 14(2), pages 155-177, April.
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