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Multiple Priors as Similarity Weighted Frequencies

  • Eichberger, Jurgen
  • Guerdjikova, Ani

In this paper, we consider a decision-maker who tries to learn the distribution of outcomes from previously observed cases. For each observed sequence of cases, the decision-maker entertains a set of priors expressing his hypotheses about the underlying probability distribution. The set of probability distributions shrinks when new information confirms old data. We impose a version of the concatenation axiom introduced in BILLOT, GILBOA, SAMET AND SCHMEIDLER (2005) which insures that the sets of priors can be represented as a weighted sum of the observed frequencies of cases. The weights are the uniquely determined similarities between the observed cases and the case under investigation.

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Paper provided by Cornell University, Center for Analytic Economics in its series Working Papers with number 07-03.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ecl:corcae:07-03
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  1. Antoine Billot & Itzhak Gilboa & Dov Samet & David Schmeidler, 2004. "Probabilities as Similarity-Weighted Frequencies," Levine's Bibliography 122247000000000696, UCLA Department of Economics.
  2. Larry Epstein & Martin Schneider, 2002. "Learning Under Ambiguity," RCER Working Papers 497, University of Rochester - Center for Economic Research (RCER), revised Mar 2005.
  3. Peter Klibanoff & Massimo Marinacci & Sujoy Mukerji, 2005. "A Smooth Model of Decision Making under Ambiguity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 73(6), pages 1849-1892, November.
  4. Grant, Simon & Chateauneuf, A. & Eichberger, J., 2002. "Choice under Uncertainty with the Best and Worst in Mind: Neo-additive Capacities," Working Papers 2002-10, Rice University, Department of Economics.
  5. Itzhak Gilboa & David Schmeidler & Peter P. Wakker, 2002. "Utility in Case-Based Decision Theory," Post-Print hal-00752278, HAL.
  6. Itzhak Gilboa & Offer Lieberman & David Schmeidler, 2006. "Empirical Similarity," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 88(3), pages 433-444, August.
  7. Thibault Gajdos & Takashi Hayashi & Jean-Marc Tallon & Jean-Christophe Vergnaud, 2008. "Attitude toward imprecise information," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00451982, HAL.
  8. Nehring,K. und C.Puppe, 1999. "A Theory of Diversity," Discussion Paper Serie A 605, University of Bonn, Germany.
  9. Guerdjikova, Ani, 2008. "Case-based learning with different similarity functions," Games and Economic Behavior, Elsevier, vol. 63(1), pages 107-132, May.
  10. Ghirardato, Paolo & Maccheroni, Fabio & Marinacci, Massimo, 2004. "Differentiating ambiguity and ambiguity attitude," Journal of Economic Theory, Elsevier, vol. 118(2), pages 133-173, October.
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