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Interactions Between Monetary and Fiscal Policy Under Flexible Exchange Rates

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  • Leith, Campbell

    (University of Glasgow)

  • Simon Wren-Lewis

Abstract

We extend the fiscal theory of the price level (FTPL) by developing a two-country open-economy model under flexible exchange rates, where overlapping generations of consumers supply labour to imperfectly competitive firms which change their prices infrequently. We show that the fiscal response required to support an active inflation-targeting monetary policy is greater when consumers have finite lives. Additionally, one monetary authority can abandon its active targeting of inflation to stabilise the debt of a fiscal authority, even if the policy makers operate in different countries. Finally, through simulations, we consider the impact of fiscal shocks on key macroeconomic variables.

Suggested Citation

  • Leith, Campbell & Simon Wren-Lewis, 2003. "Interactions Between Monetary and Fiscal Policy Under Flexible Exchange Rates," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 134, Royal Economic Society.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecj:ac2003:134
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. George Economides & Apostolis Philippopoulos & Petros Varthalitis, 2016. "Monetary Union, Even Higher Integration, or Back to National Currencies?," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 62(2), pages 232-255.
    2. Ascari, Guido & Rankin, Neil, 2013. "The effectiveness of government debt for demand management: Sensitivity to monetary policy rules," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 37(8), pages 1544-1566.
    3. Philippopoulos, Apostolis & Varthalitis, Petros & Vassilatos, Vanghelis, 2015. "Optimal fiscal and monetary policy action in a closed economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 175-188.
    4. Eleni Iliopulos & Marcus Miller, 2006. "Can Using Interest Rates to Check Domestic Demand Raise the Strength of the Sterling in the Long Run?," Documents de recherche 06-13, Centre d'Études des Politiques Économiques (EPEE), Université d'Evry Val d'Essonne.
    5. Ambriško, Róbert & Babecký, Jan & Ryšánek, Jakub & Valenta, Vilém, 2015. "Assessing the impact of fiscal measures on the Czech economy," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 350-357.
    6. Apostolis Philippopoulos & Petros Varthalitis & Vanghelis Vassilatos, 2017. "Fiscal Consolidation in an Open Economy with Sovereign Premia and without Monetary Policy Independence," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 13(4), pages 259-306, December.
    7. repec:eee:dyncon:v:83:y:2017:i:c:p:55-106 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Linnemann, Ludger, 2006. "Interest rate policy, debt, and indeterminacy with distortionary taxation," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 30(3), pages 487-510, March.
    9. Lieb Lenard, 2009. "Taking Real Rigidities Seriously: Implications for Optimal Policy Design in a Currency Union," Research Memorandum 032, Maastricht University, Maastricht Research School of Economics of Technology and Organization (METEOR).
    10. Eleni Iliopulos & Marcus Miller, 2007. "UK External Imbalances and the Sterling: Are they on a Sustainable Path?," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 18(5), pages 539-557, November.
    11. Philippopoulos, Apostolis & Varthalitis, Petros & Vassilatos, Vanghelis, 2017. "Fiscal consolidation and its cross-country effects," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 55-106.
    12. Mikek, Peter, 2008. "Alternative monetary policies and fiscal regime in new EU members," Economic Systems, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 335-353, December.
    13. Leith, Campbell & Wren-Lewis, Simon, 2009. "Taylor rules in the open economy," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 53(8), pages 971-995, November.
    14. Apostolis Philippopoulos & Petros Varthalitis & Vanghelis Vassilatos, 2012. "On the optimal mix of fiscal and monetary policy actions," Working Papers 150, Bank of Greece.
    15. Bielecki, Marcin & Goraus, Karolina & Hagemejer, Jan & Makarski, Krzysztof & Tyrowicz, Joanna, 2015. "Small assumptions (can) have a large bearing: evaluating pension system reforms with OLG models," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 48(C), pages 210-221.
    16. repec:eee:ecmode:v:71:y:2018:i:c:p:184-201 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Jukka Railavo, 2004. "Stability consequences of fiscal policy rules," Macroeconomics 0404020, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. Jukka Railavo, 2004. "Effects of the supply-side channel on stabilisation properties of policy rules," Macroeconomics 0404028, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. repec:eee:macchp:v2-2305 is not listed on IDEAS
    20. Apostolis Philippopoulos & Petros Varthalitis & Vanghelis Vassilatos, 2013. "Optimal Fiscal Action in an Economy with Sovereign Premia and without Monetary Independence: An Application to Italy," CESifo Working Paper Series 4199, CESifo Group Munich.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; fiscal policy; new open economy macroeconomics; fiscal theory of the price level;

    JEL classification:

    • E10 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - General
    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy

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