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The Missing Middle

Author

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  • Anne O. Krueger

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations)

Abstract

Though recent economic growth in India has increased productivity and living standards significantly, the need for more growth and more reform remains. Rapid growth of unskilled labor-intensive manufacturing combined with growth of productivity in agriculture is necessary to enable a more inclusive growth that raises living standards in rural areas and in non-agricultural employment of relatively unskilled labor. Indias comparative advantage in services does not preclude the need for a rapid-manufacturing growth phase of development due to the service sectors low contribution to output and its demand for educated and skilled, as opposed to unskilled, workers. The failure of manufacturing output and employment to grow more rapidly can be attributed to (1) regulations governing enterprises in the private sector and (2) regulations covering conditions of employment of labor. Reducing the barriers to entry of unskilled labor into manufacturing and relaxing some of the most restrictive labor laws would increase prospects for even faster growth than current high rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Anne O. Krueger, 2009. "The Missing Middle," Macroeconomics Working Papers 22171, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:macroe:22171
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    File URL: http://www.eaber.org/node/22171
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gaurav Datt & Martin Ravallion, 2002. "Is India's Economic Growth Leaving the Poor Behind?," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(3), pages 89-108, Summer.
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    Keywords

    India; economic growth; Labour Regulations;

    JEL classification:

    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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