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The Debate on the Poverty Estimates of 1999–2000


  • K.L. Datta

    (Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations)


This paper compares the latest estimates of poverty (19992000) made by the Planning Commission with earlier estimates of the 1980s and 1990s, focusing on the methodology and database used for estimation. It extensively reviews the attempts by Angus Deaton (2003a, b, and c), Sundaram and Tendulkar (2001; 2003a, d), Sen-Himanshu (2004a, b) and Surjit Bhalla (2003) in this regard. The paper traces the comparable poverty estimates for the 1980s and 1990s in their levels and change and uses the extent of poverty reduction implicit in these estimates to assess the magnitude of poverty reduction in the two decades. These are placed in the wider debate on the impact of the economic reform programmes on the incidence of poverty in the Indian context.

Suggested Citation

  • K.L. Datta, 2006. "The Debate on the Poverty Estimates of 1999–2000," Development Economics Working Papers 22150, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:eab:develo:22150

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. repec:pri:rpdevs:deaton_tarozzi_prices_poverty is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Gaurav Datt & Valerie Kozel & Martin Ravallion, 2003. "A Model-Based Assessment of India's Progress in Reducing Poverty in the 1990s," Monash Economics Working Papers archive-32, Monash University, Department of Economics.
    3. repec:pri:rpdevs:deaton_tarozzi_prices_poverty.pdf is not listed on IDEAS
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    More about this item


    India; poverty estimates;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty


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