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Habit Formation in an Interdependent World Economy

  • Shinsuke Ikeda
  • Ichiro Gombi

In a two-country world economy, consumption-habit dynamics in one country are affected, due to endogenous interest rate adjustments, by the other country's habits and preferences. External indebtedness depends crucially on international differences in habit-adjusted net output less habitual living standard. Interest rate adjustments enlarge the consumption impact of an income shock. Consistently with the empirical facts, the habit parameter of a large country, therefore, would be underestimated, and the current account volatility overestimated, if estimated using a small-country model. An increase in fiscal spending in one country can benefit the country and harm the neighbor due to intertemporal terms-of-trade effects.

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Paper provided by Institute of Social and Economic Research, Osaka University in its series ISER Discussion Paper with number 0619.

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Date of creation: Sep 2004
Date of revision: Jul 2008
Handle: RePEc:dpr:wpaper:0619
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  1. Christopher D. Carroll & Jody Overland & David N. Weil, 1995. "Saving and growth with habit formation," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 95-42, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
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  6. Marcelo Bianconi & Stephen J. Turnovsky, 1997. "International Effects of Government Expenditure in Interdependent Economies," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 30(1), pages 57-84, February.
  7. John Y. Campbell & John H. Cochrane, 1994. "By Force of Habit: A Consumption-Based Explanation of Aggregate Stock Market Behavior," CRSP working papers 412, Center for Research in Security Prices, Graduate School of Business, University of Chicago.
  8. G. Constantinides, 1990. "Habit formation: a resolution of the equity premium puzzle," Levine's Working Paper Archive 1397, David K. Levine.
  9. Ikeda, Shinsuke & Gombi, Ichiro, 1999. "Habits, costly investment, and current account dynamics," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(2), pages 363-384, December.
  10. Stephen J. Turnovsky & Marcelo Bianconi, 1992. "The International Transmission of Tax Policies in a Dynamic World Economy," NBER Working Papers 4086, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  13. Marcelo Bianconi, 2003. "Fiscal Policy and the Terms of Trade in an Analytical Two-Country Dynamic Model," Discussion Papers Series, Department of Economics, Tufts University 0302, Department of Economics, Tufts University.
  14. Gruber, Joseph W., 2004. "A present value test of habits and the current account," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 51(7), pages 1495-1507, October.
  15. Davide Fiaschi, 1996. "Fiscal policies and growth," Working Papers 261, Dipartimento Scienze Economiche, Universita' di Bologna.
  16. Arman Mansoorian, 1993. "Tariffs, Habit Persistence, and the Current Account," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 26(1), pages 194-207, February.
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