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Smoothed Income Poverty in European Countries

Author

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  • Birgit Kuchler
  • Jan Goebel

Abstract

The purpose of this paper is to obtain by combining two longitudinal perspectives a more detailed national picture of poverty in the Member States of the European Union, using the _rst four waves (1994 - 1997) of the European Community Household Panel (ECHP). In addition to this detailed consideration of the time dimension, poverty incidence, poverty gap and poverty intensity are measured. Overall, the ranking across countries and dimensions is relatively robust. Denmark and Portugal di_er from the rest of the countries in each dimension. Other exceptions include France and Ireland, where poverty intensity is considerably lower than in the other welfare regimes. The results in terms of the di_erent subgroups of poor individuals, namely transitory, intermittently and persistently poor, emphasize the importance of a more di_erentiated perspective on poverty, in particular concerning the relationship between social and demographic characteristics and individuals' long-term income situation.

Suggested Citation

  • Birgit Kuchler & Jan Goebel, 2003. "Smoothed Income Poverty in European Countries," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 352, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp352
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.40573.de/dp352.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Burkhauser, Richard V & Frick, Joachim R & Schwarze, Johannes, 1997. "A Comparison of Alternative Measures of Economic Well-Being for Germany and the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 43(2), pages 153-171, June.
    2. Mary Jo Bane & David T. Ellwood, 1986. "Slipping into and out of Poverty: The Dynamics of Spells," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 21(1), pages 1-23.
    3. Beblo, Miriam & Knaus, Thomas, 2001. "Measuring Income Inequality in Euroland," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 47(3), pages 301-320, September.
    4. Tsakloglou, P. & Panopoulou, G., 1997. "Analysing Poverty Under Alternative Concepts of Resources and Equivalence Scales," Athens University of Economics and Business 97-08, Athens University of Economics and Business, Department of International and European Economic Studies.
    5. Osberg, Lars, 2002. "Trends in poverty: the UK in international perspective: how rates mislead and intensity matters," ISER Working Paper Series 2002-10, Institute for Social and Economic Research.
    6. Myles, John & Picot, Garnett, 2000. "Poverty Indices and Policy Analysis," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 46(2), pages 161-179, June.
    7. Zheng, Buhong, 1997. " Aggregate Poverty Measures," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 11(2), pages 123-162, June.
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    9. Joan R. Rodgers & John L. Rodgers, 1993. "Chronic Poverty in the United States," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 28(1), pages 25-54.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Leonor Vasconcelos Ferreira, 2005. "Social Protection and Chronic Poverty: Portugal and the Southern European Welfare Regime," FEP Working Papers 168, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
    2. Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2012. "India - a lead market for frugal innovations? Extending the lead market theory to emerging economies," Working Papers 67, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    3. Bastos, Amélia & Casaca, Sara F. & Nunes, Francisco & Pereirinha, José, 2009. "Women and poverty: A gender-sensitive approach," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 38(5), pages 764-778, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    smoothed income; poverty; panel data; ECHP.;

    JEL classification:

    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty
    • N30 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution

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