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The Shadow Economy in OECD Countries: Panel-Data Evidence

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  • Konstantin A. Kholodilin
  • Ulrich Thießen

Abstract

In this paper, the extent of the shadow economy in OECD countries is investigated. The estimates of the size of the shadow economy are obtained using the panel-data techniques applied to the data on 38 OECD member states over the period 1991-2007. Our estimates tend to be somewhat lower than the alternative estimates. However, our and alternative estimates of shadow economy are quite well correlated - the corresponding correlation coefficients lie between 0.63 and 0.65. The only exception is our estimates for 2002 and those of Schneider et al. (2010) for 2002, for which a low correlation is observed. We find that the estimates of the size of the shadow economy are very sensitive to the assumption on the velocity of money circulation. It is shown that the micro- and macro-evidence are consistent at a relatively low velocity of money circulation.

Suggested Citation

  • Konstantin A. Kholodilin & Ulrich Thießen, 2011. "The Shadow Economy in OECD Countries: Panel-Data Evidence," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1122, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1122
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    File URL: http://www.diw.de/documents/publikationen/73/diw_01.c.372369.de/dp1122.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Ulrich Thiessen, 2010. "The Shadow Economy in International Comparison: Options for Economic Policy Derived from an OECD Panel Analysis," International Economic Journal, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 24(4), pages 481-509.
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    Cited by:

    1. Misbah Kiani & Adeel Ahmed & Khalid Zaman, 2015. "Combining qualitative and quantitative approaches for measuring underground economy of Pakistan," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 49(1), pages 295-317, January.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    shadow economy; OECD countries; panel-data estimation;

    JEL classification:

    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy

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