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Personal Income Tax Elasticity in Turkey: 1975-2005

Author

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  • Yesim Kustepeli

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Business, Dokuz Eylül University)

  • Onur Sapci

    () (Department of Economics, Faculty of Business, Dokuz Eylül University)

Abstract

The estimation of tax elasticity; the response of tax revenues to changes in income, is important for at least three reasons: i) formulating government budgets and monitoring tax collections (Sen, 2002), ii) the specification of tax functions, iii) the automatic stabilizing properties of the tax system and the public sector deficit (Hutton, Lambert; 1980, 1982). Among the various approaches to tax elasticity calculation in literature (Tanzi, 1969, 1976; Greytak and McHugh, 1978; Hutton and Lambert, 1980; Ehdaie, 1990), the most famous approach is Tanzi’s Method due to its simplicity and the consensus about its correctness of elasticity estimates. Johansen cointegration tests for the period 1975 - 2005 show that personal income tax elasticity in Turkey is around 0.95, indicating almost unit elasticity. Increasing income can be considered as insurance to maintain an equivalent increase in tax revenue; however it doesn’t seem to be the way to obtain higher tax revenues.

Suggested Citation

  • Yesim Kustepeli & Onur Sapci, 2006. "Personal Income Tax Elasticity in Turkey: 1975-2005," Discussion Paper Series 06/01, Dokuz Eylül University, Faculty of Business, Department of Economics, revised 11 Jul 2006.
  • Handle: RePEc:deu:dpaper:0601
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    File URL: http://www.deu.edu.tr/UploadedFiles/Birimler/12741/06_01.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Hutton, John P & Lambert, Peter J, 1982. "Modelling the Effects of Income Growth and Discretionary Change on the Sensitivity of UK Income Tax Revenue," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 92(365), pages 145-155, March.
    2. Latham, Roger, 1988. "Lorenz-Dominating Income Tax Functions," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 29(1), pages 185-200, February.
    3. Austan Goolsbee, 1999. "Evidence on the High-Income Laffer Curve from Six Decades of Tax Reform," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 30(2), pages 1-64.
    4. Daniel R. Feenberg & James M. Poterba, 1993. "Income Inequality and the Incomes of Very High-Income Taxpayers: Evidence from Tax Returns," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 7, pages 145-177 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Hutton, J P & Lambert, P J, 1980. "Evaluating Income Tax Revenue Elasticities," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 90(363), pages 901-906, December.
    6. Tanzi, Vito, 1969. "Measuring the Sensitivity of the Federal Income Tax from Cross-Section Data: A New Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 51(2), pages 206-209, May.
    7. Alan J. Auerbach & Daniel R. Feenberg, 2000. "The Significance of Federal Taxes as Automatic Stabilizers," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(3), pages 37-56, Summer.
    8. Singer, Neil M, 1970. "Estimating State Income-Tax Revenues: A New Approach," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 52(4), pages 427-433, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sanz Labrador, Ismael & Sanz-Sanz, José Félix, 2013. "Política fiscal y crecimiento económico: consideraciones microeconómicas y relaciones macroeconómicas," Macroeconomía del Desarrollo 134, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Personal income tax; tax elasticity; Tanzi method;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H24 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies

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