IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Comprehensive analyses of fertility trends in the Russian Federation during the past half century


  • Tomas Frejka

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

  • Sergei Zakharov


The transformation of traditional childbearing patterns of early family formation to later family formation characterized recent fertility trends in Russia. These were intrinsically interwoven with fundamental changes in all aspects of life of young people in the 1990s and the 2000s. The past quarter century was also marked by concern with low fertility and attempts to increase fertility in the early 1980s and the late 2000s. The family policies of the 1980s failed to raise fertility. Preliminary analyses indicate that the fate of the 2007 policies could be similar. In both cases the main emphasis was on material birth and child benefits, parental leaves and child care. Presumably insufficient attention was devoted to improving living conditions of young people and promoting gender equality. Will government efforts to raise fertility during the 2010s be sufficiently effective to offset economic and social forces challenging childbearing? As of 2012 the outlook for a future fertility increase does not appear hopeful.

Suggested Citation

  • Tomas Frejka & Sergei Zakharov, 2012. "Comprehensive analyses of fertility trends in the Russian Federation during the past half century," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2012-027, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2012-027

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Levin,Victoria & Besedina,Elena & Aritomi,Tami, 2016. "Going beyond the first child : analysis of Russian mothers'desired and actual fertility Patterns," Policy Research Working Paper Series 7643, The World Bank.
    2. Arkhangelskiy , Vladimir & Shulgin, Sergei & Efremov, Igor & Pustovalov, Denis Nikolaevich, 2016. "Russia's Possible Demographic Scenarios and Their Consequences," Working Papers 761, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
    3. Valeriy Elizarov & Victoria Levin, 2015. "Family Policies in Russia," World Bank Other Operational Studies 22614, The World Bank.
    4. Maleva, T. & Tyndik, A., 2013. "Fertility Growth Potential in Russia: Lessons of the Megalopolis," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 17(1), pages 137-158.
    5. Vladimir Arkhangel'Skiy & Natalya Dzhanayeva, 2015. "Using Cohort Fertility Indicators to Assess and Predict the Effectiveness of Demographic Policies," Economy of region, Centre for Economic Security, Institute of Economics of Ural Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 1(4), pages 170-184.
    6. Katherine Keenan & Michael G. Kenward & Emily Grundy & David A. Leon, 2014. "The impact of alcohol consumption on patterns of union formation in Russia 1998-2010: An assessment using longitudinal data," Population Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 68(3), pages 283-303, November.

    More about this item


    Russian Federation; fertility;

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2012-027. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Peter Wilhelm). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.