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Employment careers and the timing of first births in East Germany

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  • Michaela Kreyenfeld

    (Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany)

Abstract

When German unification was accompanied by a rapid decline in aggregate fertility rates, researchers particularly assigned high unemployment rates a dominant role for changes in fertility behavior. The aim of this paper is twofold. First, we investigate changes in the timing of first birth in East Germany after unification. Using data from the SOEP, we show that even after unification East Germans are younger at first birth than their West German counterparts. Second, we investigate the relationship between male and female unemployment and first birth risks. A major result is that female unemployment fosters the transition into parenthood in East Germany. (AUTHORS)

Suggested Citation

  • Michaela Kreyenfeld, 2000. "Employment careers and the timing of first births in East Germany," MPIDR Working Papers WP-2000-004, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:dem:wpaper:wp-2000-004
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    File URL: http://www.demogr.mpg.de/Papers/Working/wp-2000-004.pdf
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    File URL: http://schmollersjahrbuch.diw.de/schmollersjahrbuch/index.jsp?n=0010&p=1&c=2000/summary/s_00_2_1
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Witte, James C. & Wagner, Gert G., 1995. "Declining Fertility in East Germany After Unification: A Demographic Response to Socioeconomic Change," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - German National Library of Economics, pages 387-397.
    2. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1995. "Aspekte der Arbeitsmarktentwicklung in Ostdeutschland: berufliche Aufstiege vorwiegend von Männern verwirklicht, öffentlicher Dienst bislang wichtiger Stabilisator für die Beschäftigung von Frauen," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 62(23), pages 401-410.
    3. Erika Schulz & Gert Wagner & James Witte, 1993. "Gegenwärtiger Geburtenrückgang in Ostdeutschland läßt mittelfristig einen "Babyboom" erwarten," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 83, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    4. Elke Holst & Jürgen Schupp, 1996. "Erwerbstätigkeit von Frauen in Ost- und Westdeutschland weiterhin von steigender Bedeutung," DIW Wochenbericht, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 63(28), pages 461-469.
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    Cited by:

    1. Sumon Kumar Bhaumik & Jeffrey B. Nugent, 2002. "Does Economic Uncertainty Have an Impact on Decisions to Bear Children? Evidence from Eastern Germany," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series 491, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    2. Maria Gutierrez-Domenech, 2002. "The Impact of the Labour Market on the Timing of Marriage and Births in Spain," CEP Discussion Papers dp0556, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    3. Sumon Kumar Bhaumik & Jeffrey B. Nugent, 2005. "Does Economic Uncertainty Affect the Decision to Bear Children? Evidence from East and West Germany," William Davidson Institute Working Papers Series wp788, William Davidson Institute at the University of Michigan.
    4. Niedergesäss, Markus, 2013. "Employment, partnership and childbearing decisions of German women and men: A simultaneous hazards approach," University of Tuebingen Working Papers in Economics and Finance 51, University of Tuebingen, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences.
    5. Bernhard, Sarah & Kurz, Karin, 2007. "Familie und Arbeitsmarkt : eine Längsschnittstudie zum Einfluss beruflicher Unsicherheiten auf die Familienerweiterung," IAB Discussion Paper 200710, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • Z0 - Other Special Topics - - General

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