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Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth in a Two Country World

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  • Beatriz Gaitan
  • Terry L. Roe

Abstract

We investigate the Ramsey-like dynamics of nonrenewable resource abundance on economic growth and welfare in a two country world. One country is endowed with a non-renewable- resource Otherwise, countries are identical. The one country result of Rodríguez and Sachs (1999) that the initial stock of the resource influences negatively the GDP growth of the resource-rich country, is shown to not hold in general. The endowment of the nonrenewable resource can have an initial positive effect on the growth rate of the resource-rich country provided the elasticity of the initial price of the resource with regard to the initial stock of the resource is greater than minus one. The ratio of the consumption levels of the two countries are shown to be constant over time, and determined by the ratio of initial wealth. An analytical solution of the model allows us to indicate how accumulable and depletable assets affect per country welfare and income growth. For this case we demonstrate that a technological change -that is nonrenewable resource saving- can benefit the resource-rich country’s relative welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Beatriz Gaitan & Terry L. Roe, 2005. "Natural Resource Abundance and Economic Growth in a Two Country World," DEGIT Conference Papers c010_052, DEGIT, Dynamics, Economic Growth, and International Trade.
  • Handle: RePEc:deg:conpap:c010_052
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    File URL: http://degit.sam.sdu.dk/papers/degit_10/C010_052.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Heal, Geoffrey M., 1993. "The optimal use of exhaustible resources," Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy Economics,in: A. V. Kneese† & J. L. Sweeney (ed.), Handbook of Natural Resource and Energy Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 18, pages 855-880 Elsevier.
    2. Geir B. Asheim, 1986. "Hartwick's Rule in Open Economies," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 19(3), pages 395-402, August.
    3. Partha Dasgupta & Geoffrey Heal, 1974. "The Optimal Depletion of Exhaustible Resources," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(5), pages 3-28.
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    Cited by:

    1. Neustroev, Dmitry, 2013. "The Uzawa-Lucas Growth Model with Natural Resources," MPRA Paper 52937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Shao, Shuai & Yang, Lili, 2014. "Natural resource dependence, human capital accumulation, and economic growth: A combined explanation for the resource curse and the resource blessing," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 632-642.
    3. Di Maria, Corrado & Valente, Simone, 2006. "The Direction of Technical Change in Capital-Resource Economies," MPRA Paper 1040, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Growth; Development; Non-renewable Resources; International Trade;

    JEL classification:

    • O13 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Agriculture; Natural Resources; Environment; Other Primary Products
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models

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