Regional Disparities of Educational Attainment in China
This paper studies regional disparities of educational attainment in China. It explores the causes of the regional inequality of the educational investment measured by the enrolment rate at various school levels. It finds that the return to education, the governmental support and the financial constraint play an important role in generating differences in educational investment across regions. The empirical analysis of the paper also identifies different impacts of the support for education at different levels of government. Specifically, an increase of one standard deviation in the support for education at the level of the central government will raise the enrolment rates of the college, the senior high school and the primary school by 6.1, 7.0 and 7.5 percentage points, which is an increase of 140%, 32% and 9% compared to the sample mean enrolment rate, respectively. Contrastingly, although the ratio of the local government¡¯s educational expenditure to the local GDP has a marginally significant positive impact on the enrolment rate of the primary school, it has a significant and negative effect on the enrolment rates of both the senior high school and the junior high school.
|Date of creation:||2005|
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