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Choc de revenu et éducation des enfants en présence d’imperfection du marché du crédit. Le cas du Malawi

  • Tidiane Kinda

    (CERDI-CNRS, Université d’Auvergn; International Monetary Fund)

Cet article montre que les ménages utilisent le retrait des enfants du système éducatif comme stratégie ex-post de gestion des chocs de revenu qu’il subissent. L’analyse souligne également qu’un grand nombre d’enfants dans un ménage affecte négativement la probabilité de scolarisation des enfants mettant ainsi en exergue l’existence d’un arbitrage dans l’allocation des ressources d’éducation entre les enfants du ménage. Cet arbitrage de ressources laisse place à un effet d’incitation lorsque l’on prend en compte la scolarisation des frères et des soeurs : des enfants ayant des frères et soeurs scolarisés ont de plus grande chance d’aller à l’école. Ce résultat remet ainsi en cause l’hypothèse largement acceptée de dilution de ressources intra-ménages pour l’éducation.

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Paper provided by Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES) in its series Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) with number 2010043.

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Length: 20
Date of creation: 01 Dec 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ctl:louvre:2010043
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  1. Stephen Zeldes, . "Optimal Consumption with Stochastic Income: Deviations from Certainty Equivalence," Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research Working Papers 20-86, Wharton School Rodney L. White Center for Financial Research.
  2. Kazianga, Harounan & Udry, Christopher, 2006. "Consumption smoothing? Livestock, insurance and drought in rural Burkina Faso," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 79(2), pages 413-446, April.
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  4. Duryea, Suzanne & Lam, David & Levison, Deborah, 2007. "Effects of economic shocks on children's employment and schooling in Brazil," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 84(1), pages 188-214, September.
  5. Sawada, Yasayuki & Lokshin, Michael, 2001. "Household schooling decisions in rural Pakistan," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2541, The World Bank.
  6. Townsend, R.M., 1991. "Risk and Insurance in Village India," University of Chicago - Economics Research Center 91-3, Chicago - Economics Research Center.
  7. Paxson, Christina H, 1992. "Using Weather Variability to Estimate the Response of Savings to Transitory Income in Thailand," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(1), pages 15-33, March.
  8. Gary S. Becker & Nigel Tomes, 1994. "Human Capital and the Rise and Fall of Families," NBER Chapters, in: Human Capital: A Theoretical and Empirical Analysis with Special Reference to Education (3rd Edition), pages 257-298 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  9. L.Guarcello & F.Mealli & F.Rosati, 2002. "Household Vulnerability and Child Labour: the Effect of Shocks, Credit Rationing and Insurance," UCW Working Paper 3, Understanding Children's Work (UCW Programme).
  10. Chernichovsky, Dov, 1985. "Socioeconomic and Demographic Aspects of School Enrollment and Attendance in Rural Botswana," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 33(2), pages 319-32, January.
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